U+804A, 聊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-804A

[U+8049]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+804B]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 128, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 尸十竹竹中 (SJHHL), four-corner 17120, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 967, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29049
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1415, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2787, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+804A

Chinese

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trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. ⿰⿻二⿰丨丨了

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *m·rɯːw) : semantic (ear) + phonetic (OC *mruːʔ).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • liao5 - Shantou;
  • liou5 - Chaozhou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /liau³⁵/
Harbin /liau²⁴/
Tianjin /liɑu⁴⁵/
Jinan /liɔ⁴²/
Qingdao /liɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /liau⁴²/
Xi'an /liau²⁴/
Xining /liɔ²⁴/
Yinchuan /liɔ⁵³/
Lanzhou /liɔ⁵³/
Ürümqi /liɔ⁵¹/
Wuhan /niau²¹³/
Chengdu /niau³¹/
Guiyang /niao²¹/
Kunming /liɔ³¹/
Nanjing /liɔo²⁴/
Hefei /liɔ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liau¹¹/
Pingyao /liɔ¹³/
Hohhot /liɔ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /liɔ²³/
Suzhou /liæ¹³/
Hangzhou /liɔ²¹³/
Wenzhou /liɛ³¹/
Hui Shexian /liɔ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /liu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /liau¹³/
Xiangtan /niaɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /liɛu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /liau¹¹/
Taoyuan /liɑu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /liu²¹/
Nanning /liu²¹/
Hong Kong /liu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /liau³⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /lieu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /liau²¹/
Shantou (Teochew) /liau⁵⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /liau³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (93)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter lew
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/leu/
Pan
Wuyun
/leu/
Shao
Rongfen
/leu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛw/
Li
Rong
/leu/
Wang
Li
/lieu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lieu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liáo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
liu4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liáo
Middle
Chinese
‹ lew ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˁiw/
English rely on

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8878
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*m·rɯːw/

Definitions

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  1. to chat
    什麼 [MSC, trad.]
    什么 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ hé tā liáo le xiē shénme? [Pinyin]
    What did you chat with him about?
    睡覺 [MSC, trad.]
    睡觉 [MSC, simp.]
    liáo le, wǒ yào shuìjiào le. [Pinyin]
    Let's stop chatting, I'm going to sleep.
  2. (formal) to rely on
    民不  ―  mínbùliáoshēng  ―  the masses live in dire poverty
  3. (literary, or in compounds) somewhat; slightly; at least
    勝於無胜于无  ―  liáoshèngyúwú  ―  slightly better than nothing
  4. (literary, or in compounds) for the time being; tentatively
      ―  liáoqiě  ―  for the time being

Synonyms

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  • (to chat):
  • (to rely on):
  • (somewhat):
  • (for the time being):

Compounds

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. slightly

Readings

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Korean

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Hanja

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(ryo, yo) (hangeul , )

  1. somewhat
  2. slightly, at least

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: liêu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.