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See also:
U+679D, 枝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-679D

[U+679C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+679E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木十水 (DJE), four-corner 44947, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 516, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14557
  • Dae Jaweon: page 904, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1165, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+679D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kje
*kje
*kje
*kje, *ɡe, *ɡres
*kje
*kje, *qʰjes, *kes, *ɡe
*kje
*kjes
*kjes, *ɡe, *ɡreʔ
*ɡjes
*qʰjes
*qʰjes, *ɡe
*kre, *ɡreʔ
*kreʔ, *kʷreʔ
*kʰeʔ, *kʰes, *ɡe
*kʰes, *ɡe
*kʰes
*ɡe
*ɡe
*ɡre, *ɡres
*ɡreʔ
*ɡres
*kʷreʔ, *kʷres
*kʷreʔ
*kʰʷeʔ
*ɡreɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kje): semantic  (tree) + phonetic  (OC *kje).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ki - vernacular;
  • chi - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕie/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsye ›
Old
Chinese
/*ke/
English branch (of tree)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17201
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kje/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. branch; twig
    Synonyms: 丫枝 (yāzhī), 樹椏树桠
    低垂水面 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Liǔ zhī dīchuí zài shuǐmiàn shang. [Pinyin]
    The branches of the willows drooped over the water.
    結果修剪 [MSC, trad.]
    结果修剪 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā bǎ bù jiēguǒ de zhī dōu xiūjiǎn diào. [Pinyin]
    He pruned every branch that did not bear fruit.
  2. Classifier for long cylindrical objects (stick, pen, rod, flower with stem, etc).
    鉛筆 / 铅笔  ―  zhī qiānbǐ  ―  a pencil
    /   ―  zhī qiāng  ―  a gun
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (, “extra toe”).
  2. Alternative form of (, “divergent”).

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

 

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. branch, limbs

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier yeda, from Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *yonta. Cognate with Kunigami (ゆだー, yudā), Miyako (ゆだ, yuda), Okinawan (いぃだ, yida), (ゆだ, yuda), Yaeyama (ゆだ, yuda), Yonaguni (どぅだ, duda). The vowel change is irregular.

NounEdit

(hiragana えだ, rōmaji eda)

  1. branch, limbs
  2. (graph theory) edge

Coordinate termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune–Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

KunigamiEdit

KanjiEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ゆだー, romaji yudā)

  1. branch

MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ゆだ, romaji yuda)

  1. branch

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana いぃだ, romaji yida, hiragana ゆだ, romaji yuda)

  1. branch

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chi, che)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

YaeyamaEdit

KanjiEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ゆだ, romaji yuda)

  1. branch

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana どぅだ, romaji duda)

  1. branch