See also:
U+514D, 免
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-514D

[U+514C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+514E]

U+FA32, 免
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA32

[U+FA31]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA33]

免 U+2F80E, 免
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F80E
𠘺
[U+2F80D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 兔
[U+2F80F]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms

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A variant form with rather than on top exists.

There is another variant, in which the left-handed stroke is written as two separate components. This variant is adopted by Japanese shinjitai.

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 10, +5 in Chinese, 儿+6 in Japanese, 7 strokes in Chinese, 8 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 弓日竹山 (NAHU), four-corner 27416, composition ⿸⿻丿(GHTK) or 𫩏(JV) or ⿸⿻丿(U+FA32))

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 124, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1358
  • Dae Jaweon: page 264, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 270, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+514D

Chinese

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simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script
       


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – a man in a hat. Borrowed for abstract meanings. The derivative (OC *mronʔ) refers to the original word.

Pronunciation 1

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Note:
  • miang2/miêng2 - literary (including “there is no need”, miêng2 - Chaozhou);
  • ming2/mêng2 - vernacular (mêng2 - Jieyang).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (79)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter mjenX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠiᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚiɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/miænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mianX/
Li
Rong
/mjɛnX/
Wang
Li
/mĭɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
miǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
min5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
miǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*mr[o][r]ʔ/
English avoid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9065
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mronʔ/

Definitions

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  1. to take off; to remove from the body
  2. to avoid; to escape; to evade
  3. to release; to set free
  4. to excuse from; to exempt
  5. to discharge; to waive; to forgive
  6. to remove; to dismiss (from office)
  7. to be not allowed; to be forbidden to
  8. (Southern Min) it is not necessary; there is no need
  9. (obsolete) Alternative form of
Synonyms
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  • (to remove):
  • (to evade): 避開避开 (bìkāi)
  • (it is not necessary):

Compounds

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Pronunciation 2

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Definitions

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  1. (historical) Alternative form of 𰬜 (wèn, a kind of mourning apparel)
  2. bud

Compounds

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Further reading

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Japanese

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Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]


&#xFA32;
or
+&#xFE00;?
 
免󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
免󠄄
+&#xE0104;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji

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(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. to avoid, to escape
  2. to release, to set free, to discharge
  3. to exempt
  4. to forgive
  5. to dismiss, to discharge
    Antonyms :

Readings

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Compounds

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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(めん) (men

  1. dismissal, being made to quit

References

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  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア [Kanjipedia]‎[1] (in Japanese), The Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation, 2015–2024
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 해산 (haesanhal mun))

  1. Hanja form? of (dismiss, discharge, disband).

(eumhun 면할 (myeonhal myeon))

  1. Hanja form? of (spare, excuse from, evade).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: miễn, mấy, mến, mém, mễm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.