TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

 + 

Han characterEdit

(radical 119 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 火木田廿金 (FDWTC), four-corner 90801, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 912, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27102
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1339, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3158, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7CDE

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (糞), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 方問切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨunH/ /pi̯uənH/ /piuənH/ /piunH/ /punH/ /pĭuənH/ /piuənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fèn ‹ pjunH › /*p[u]r-s/ manure, dirt

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3197 1 /*pɯns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. manure, dung, night soil

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
くそ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Cognate with 臭い ‎(kusai, stinky, smelly), 腐る ‎(kusaru, to rot, to become stinky).[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (colloquial) feces, excrement
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

InterjectionEdit

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (expletive) crap, shit, bullshit
Usage notesEdit

This is not considered as profane as the English glosses. For instance, a child of five using the Japanese interjection kuso would be unremarkable, whereas it would be very socially inappropriate for a child of five to use the English interjection shit.

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso-)

  1. A derogatory prefix.
     (くそ) (じじ)
    kusojijī
    crappy old man

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji -kuso)

  1. crappy, for shit: a derogatory emphasizing suffix.
    下手 (へた) (くそ)
    hetakuso
    crappy bad at something; to be shit at doing something
    襤褸 (ぼろ) (くそ)
    borokuso
    broken down for shit, raggedy-ass

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ふん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

/pun//fun/

From Middle Chinese ‎(pjunH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ふん, katakana フン, romaji fun)

  1. animal excrement, droppings
Usage notesEdit

This noun specifically refers to the excrement of non-human animals; for human excrement, the term 大便 ‎(daiben) is used.

Due to the complicated nature of this kanji, this word is often written in katakana instead.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ばば
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Appears to derive from baby talk.[1][2] Compare English poopoo.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ばば, romaji baba)

  1. (children's word): poopoo, poop, dookie
  2. (children's word): something unclean
IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bun) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer pun, Yale pun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phẩn, phân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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