Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 44 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 尸火木 (SFD), four-corner 77294, composition)

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 301, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7689
  • Dae Jaweon: page 598, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 973, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5C4E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Pictogram (象形):  ‎(body) +  ‎(rice). The component was originally four dots (faeces coming out of the backside) in the oracle bone script, thus a pictogram representing a man defecating.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kləj ‎(excrement).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (26)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɣiɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɯiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕjiX/
Li
Rong
/ɕjiX/
Wang
Li
/ɕiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǐ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ syijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[qʰ]ijʔ/
English excrement

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 11399
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hliʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. excrement; poop
  2. secretion from the body; tear, earwax, snot, etc.
  3. residue; waste; debris
  4. (vulgar) worthless; useless; despicable
  5. (vulgar) useless thing
See alsoEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hi/
Shao
Rongfen
/xjɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hi/
Li
Rong
/xi/
Wang
Li
/xi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjij ›
Old
Chinese
/*[qʰ]ij (dialect: *qʰ- > *x-, no palatalization)/
English moan

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 11401
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hri/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 殿屎 (“to groan”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. excrement, feces, poop

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
くそ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Cognate with 臭い ‎(kusai, stinky, smelly), 腐る ‎(kusaru, to rot, to become stinky).[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (colloquial) feces, excrement
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

InterjectionEdit

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso)

  1. (expletive) crap, shit, bullshit, poop
Usage notesEdit

This is not considered as profane as the English glosses. For instance, a child of five using the Japanese interjection kuso would be unremarkable, whereas it would be very socially inappropriate for a child of five to use the English interjection shit.

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji kuso-)

  1. A derogatory prefix.
     (くそ) (じじ)
    kusojijī
    crappy old man

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana くそ, romaji -kuso)

  1. A derogatory emphasizing suffix.
    下手 (へた) (くそ)
    hetakuso
    crappy bad at something; to be shit at doing something
    襤褸 (ぼろ) (くそ)
    borokuso
    broken down for shit, raggedy-ass

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ばば
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Appears to derive from baby talk.[1][2] Compare English poopoo.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ばば, romaji baba)

  1. (children's word): poopoo, poop, dookie
  2. (children's word): something unclean
IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(si) (hangeul , revised si, McCune-Reischauer si)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thỉ, xái)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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