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See also:
U+81A9, 膩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81A9

[U+81A8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81AA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 月戈心金 (BIPC), four-corner 73240, composition(GJK) or ⿰(HT))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 994, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29862
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1445, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2110, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81A9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nis
*njis
*njis
*njis
*njis

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *nis): semantic  (meat) + phonetic  (OC *njis).

Etymology 1Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Sixian:
    • ni - “fatty; oily”;
    • ne - “too greasy”.
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • nā̤ - vernacular (“too greasy; to become soggy”);
    • nī - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • nê̤ṳ - vernacular (“oily”);
    • né̤ṳ - vernacular (“too greasy or sweet; to be sick of”);
    • nê - literary (“meticulous”).
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • nyi5 - vernacular;
    • nyi4 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (12)
    Final () (17)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɳˠiɪH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɳᵚiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /niɪH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɳjiH/
    Li
    Rong
    /njiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /niH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /niH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nrijH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nri[j]-s/
    English oily

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2823
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nis/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. fatty; oily
    2. too greasy to bear
      /   ―  féi ér bù   ―  fat but not too greasy
    3. (Min Bei) to become soggy
    4. meticulous; delicate; glossy
    5. to make (someone) feel sick; to disgust (someone)
    6. to be sick of; to be tired of
    7. (literary) dirt
    8. sticky; grimy
    9. intimate; close
    10. (Beijing) to stick around, causing others to be fed up
    11. (Beijing) to stick to (someone); to pester (someone)
    12. (Beijing) to fill a crack; to putty
    13. (Sichuan) to hesitate; to be irresolute
    SynonymsEdit
    • (too greasy): (Sichuanese) (nyiang4)

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Cantonese) Alternative form of (nau6, “heavy; filling; too greasy or sweet”).

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Min Dong) to nap; to doze

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ni>i) (hangeul >, revised ni>i, McCune–Reischauer ni>i, Yale ni>i)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.