U+5B9A, 定
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B9A

[U+5B99]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B9B]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 40, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十一卜人 (JMYO), four-corner 30801, composition 𤴓)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 283, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7109
  • Dae Jaweon: page 559, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 918, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B9A

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *teːŋs, *deːŋs) : semantic + phonetic (OC *tjeŋ, *tjeŋs)

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note: deng6 - variant.
Note:
  • diâng - vernacular;
  • dêng - literary.
Note:
  • tiāⁿ - vernacular;
  • tēng - literary.
Note:
  • dian7 - vernacular;
  • dêng6 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (7)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter dengH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/deŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/deŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/deŋH/
Wang
Li
/dieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dìng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ding6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dìng dìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dengH › ‹ dengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-tˁeŋ-s/ /*m-tˁeŋ-s/
English become fixed; settled (v.i.) make fixed, settle (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17187
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*deːŋs/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. stable; steady; fixed
    公公 [Cantonese, trad.]
    公公 [Cantonese, simp.]
    ngo5 gung1 gung1 zaa1 bat1 zaa1 dak1 hou2 ding6. [Jyutping]
    My grandpa holds the pen really steadily
    之前已經 [Cantonese, trad.]
    之前已经 [Cantonese, simp.]
    zi1 cin4 ji5 ging1 gong2 ding6 [Jyutping]
    already discussed and settled upon for some time
  2. to fix; to stabilise
  3. to put down; to suppress
  4. to establish; to prepare the ground for
  5. to decide; to resolve
  6. to determine; to settle
  7. to order; to reserve
      ―  dìng huò  ―  to order goods
      ―  dìng wèi  ―  to reserve a place
  8. certainly; definitely; surely
  9. after all; at all
  10. (Cantonese) calm
  11. (Cantonese) in advance
    暈船浪暈浪丸 [Cantonese, trad.]
    晕船浪晕浪丸 [Cantonese, simp.]
    soeng2 m4 wan4 syun4 long6, zau6 sik6 ding6 wan4 long6 jyun4-2. [Jyutping]
    If you don't want to get seasick, then take a motion sickness pill in advance.
    阿媽日日我哋返屋企食飯 [Cantonese, trad.]
    阿妈日日我哋返屋企食饭 [Cantonese, simp.]
    ngo5 aa3 maa1 jat6 jat6 dou1 ng5 dim2 zau6 hoi1 ding6 toi4-2 dang2 ngo5 dei6 faan1 uk1 kei2 sik6 faan6. [Jyutping]
    My mother sets the table in advance at five o'clock, waiting for us to come home for dinner.
  12. (Cantonese) Short for 定係定系 (“or”).
    [Cantonese, trad.]
    [Cantonese, simp.]
    nei5 soeng2 sik6 faan6 ding6 min6 aa3? [Jyutping]
    Do you want to have rice or noodles?
  13. a surname
  14. () (Chinese linguistics) the Middle Chinese initial of (MC dengH)
Synonyms edit
  • (to decide; to determine): (jué)
  • (or):

Descendants edit

  • Thai: เที่ยง (tîiang)

Pronunciation 2 edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (5)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter tengH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/teŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/teŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/teŋH/
Wang
Li
/tieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dìng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ding3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tengH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁeŋ-s/
English ready-cooked (food)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17181
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*teːŋs/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. () (Chinese astronomy) the Encampment, one of Twenty-Eight Mansions
  2. forehead
    See also: 𬱫
  3. Original form of (dìng, “Classifier for silver ingots or ink sticks.”).
  4. A kind of hoe.
Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Pronunciation 3 edit


Definitions edit

  1. (Cantonese) Sentence final particle used to make assumptions.
Derived terms edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. determine, fix, establish, decide

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Proper noun edit

Kanji in this term
さだ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

(さだ) (Sada

  1. a female given name

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 정할 (jeonghal jeong))

  1. Hanja form? of (decide, settle).
  2. Hanja form? of (fix).

Compounds edit

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: định

Verb edit

(định)

  1. chữ Hán form of định (to decide; to determine; to ascertain).