Chinese

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Heliothus armigera
trad. (螟蛉)
simp. #(螟蛉)
 
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Etymology

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Reduplicated from *mliŋ according to Li Fang-Kuei apud Schuessler (2007).

While Pittayaporn (2009) proposes that Proto-Tai *m.leːŋᴬ (insect) is loaned from either early or late Middle Chinese, Schuessler (2007) proposes the reverse loan-direction: i.e. from Tai into Chinese (see also Li (1976)).

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (37)
Final () (125) (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Baxter meng leng
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/meŋ/ /leŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/meŋ/ /leŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɛŋ/ /lɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mɛjŋ/ /lɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/meŋ/ /leŋ/
Wang
Li
/mieŋ/ /lieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mieŋ/ /lieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng líng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ming4 ling4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9201 8291
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*meːŋ/ /*reːŋ/

Noun

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螟蛉

  1. green rice caterpillar (Naranga aenescens); (in general) caterpillar of many Lepidoptera species, such as the corn earworm or the small white butterfly (which destroy rice and other plants)
  2. (literary, figurative) Short for 螟蛉子 (mínglíngzǐ, “adopted son”).

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (螟蛉):
  • Japanese: 螟蛉(めいれい) (meirei)
  • Korean: 명령(螟蛉) (myeongnyeong)

Others:

Japanese

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Kanji in this term
めい
Hyōgaiji
れい
Hyōgaiji
kan’on

Etymology

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From Middle Chinese 螟蛉 (MC meng leng).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(めい)(れい) (meirei

  1. Synonym of 青虫 (aomushi): any butterfly or moth larvae that are colored green
  2. (figurative) Synonym of 養子 (yōshi): an adopted child

References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN