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ChineseEdit

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(邂逅)
alt. forms

EtymologyEdit

Possibly an expression reduplication in Old Chinese. The original meaning may be “meet; interact” or “carefree”.

Schuessler considers this a derivative of (OC *kreːʔ, *kreːs, *ɡreːʔ, *ɡreːs, “to loosen”) and (OC *kreːs, “lazy, remiss”), citing the sense of “carefree and happy” in Shijing. Numerous variant forms are found throughout history.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (33) (33)
Final () (31) (137)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛH/ /ɦəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæH/ /ɦəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣæiH/ /ɣəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjH/ /ɦəwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɛH/ /ɣuH/
Wang
Li
/ɣaiH/ /ɣəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣaiH/ /ɣə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xià hòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiè hòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ H › ‹ huwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤre-s/ /*[ɡ]ˤro-s/
English 邂逅 xièhòu carefree ((Odes 94.1– 2, 118.2) 邂逅 xièhòu carefree (Odes 94.1– 2, 118.2)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 6487 5171
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𠋫
Old
Chinese
/*ɡreːs/ /*ɡoːs/

VerbEdit

邂逅

  1. to run into somebody by chance (usually pleasantly); to encounter coincidentally

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (邂逅):
  • Japanese: 邂逅 (かいこう) (kaikō)
  • Korean: 해후 (邂逅, haehu)

AdjectiveEdit

邂逅

  1. (literary) joyous and carefree
  2. (literary) accidental; coincidental; adventitious

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
かい
Hyōgaiji
こう
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

邂逅 (hiragana かいこう, rōmaji kaikō)

  1. chance encounter

VerbEdit

邂逅する (intransitive, hiragana かいこう, rōmaji kaikō)

  1. meet by chance
    • 1905, Natsume Sōseki, 吾輩は猫である:
      その後吾輩 (ごわがはい)度々黒 (たびたびくろ)邂逅 (かいこう)する。
      Sono go wagahai wa tabitabi kuro to kaikō suru.
      After that, I bumped into the black cat from time to time.

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9