邂逅

Contents

ChineseEdit

meet unexpectedly meet unexpectedly
simp. and trad.
(邂逅)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

The original meaning may be "meet, interact" or "carefree". Old Chinese: *greːs groːs (possibly an expressive reduplication).

Schuessler considers this a derivative of (“to loosen”) and (“lazy, remiss”), citing the sense of "carefree and happy" in Shijing. Numerous variant forms are found throughout history.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (邂逅, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛH/ /ɣaiH/ /ɣɛH/ /ɦɯæH/ /ɦaɨjH/ /ɣaiH/ /ɣæiH/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦəuH/ /ɣə̯uH/ /ɣuH/ /ɦəuH/ /ɦəwH/ /ɣəuH/ /ɣəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (邂逅, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiè ‹ H › /*[ɡ]ˤre-s/ 邂逅 xièhòu carefree ((Odes 94.1– 2, 118.2)
hòu ‹ huwH › /*[ɡ]ˤro-s/ 邂逅 xièhòu carefree (Odes 94.1– 2, 118.2)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6487 0 /*ɡreːs/
5171 0 𠋫 /*ɡoːs/

VerbEdit

邂逅

  1. to run into somebody by chance (usually pleasantly)
    邂逅女孩 [MSC, trad.]
    邂逅女孩 [MSC, simp.]
    Děng chē de tā xièhòu le yī míng nǚhái. [Pinyin]
    He encountered a girl while waiting for a bus.
    邂逅相遇 / 邂逅相遇  ―  Xièhòu xiāngyù, shì wǒ yuàn xī.  ―  We met together accidentally, and so my desire was satisfied.

AdjectiveEdit

邂逅

  1. (archaic) joyous and carefree

NounEdit

邂逅

  1. (pleasant) chance encounter
    美麗邂逅 / 美丽邂逅  ―  rú yī chǎng měilì de xièhòu  ―  as beautiful as a chance encounter

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
かい
Hyōgaiji
こう
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

邂逅 ‎(hiragana かいこう, romaji kaikō)

  1. chance encounter

VerbEdit

邂逅する ‎(intransitive, hiragana かいこうする, romaji kaikō suru)

  1. meet by chance
    • 1905, Natsume Sōseki, 吾輩は猫である:
      その後吾輩 (ごわがはい)度々黒 (たびたびくろ)邂逅 (かいこう)する。
      Sono go wagahai wa tabitabi kuro to kaikō suru.
      After that, I bumped into the black cat from time to time.

ConjugationEdit

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