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ChineseEdit

phonetic
trad. (邂逅)
simp. #(邂逅)
alt. forms

EtymologyEdit

Possibly an expression reduplication in Old Chinese (Baxter and Sagart, 1998). The original meaning may be “meet; interact” or “carefree”.

Schuessler considers this a derivative of (OC *kreːʔ, *kreːs, *ɡreːʔ, *ɡreːs, “to loosen”) and (OC *kreːs, “lazy, remiss”), citing the sense of “carefree and happy” in Shijing. Numerous variant forms are found throughout history.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (33) (33)
Final () (31) (137)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛH/ /ɦəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæH/ /ɦəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣæiH/ /ɣəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjH/ /ɦəwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɛH/ /ɣuH/
Wang
Li
/ɣaiH/ /ɣəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣaiH/ /ɣə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xià hòu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiè hòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ H › ‹ huwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤre-s/ /*[ɡ]ˤro-s/
English 邂逅 xièhòu carefree ((Odes 94.1– 2, 118.2) 邂逅 xièhòu carefree (Odes 94.1– 2, 118.2)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 6487 5171
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𠋫
Old
Chinese
/*ɡreːs/ /*ɡoːs/

VerbEdit

邂逅

  1. to run into somebody by chance (usually pleasantly); to encounter coincidentally
    邂逅女孩 [MSC, trad.]
    邂逅女孩 [MSC, simp.]
    Děng chē de tā xièhòu le yī míng nǚhái. [Pinyin]
    He encountered a girl while waiting for a bus.
    美麗邂逅 [MSC, trad.]
    美丽邂逅 [MSC, simp.]
    rú yī chǎng měilì de xièhòu [Pinyin]
    as if a beautiful chance encounter

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (邂逅):
  • Japanese: 邂逅 (かいこう) (kaikō)
  • Korean: 해후 (邂逅, haehu)

AdjectiveEdit

邂逅

  1. (literary) joyous and carefree
  2. (literary) accidental; coincidental; adventitious

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
かい
Hyōgaiji
こう
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

邂逅 (hiragana かいこう, rōmaji kaikō)

  1. chance encounter

VerbEdit

邂逅する (intransitive, hiragana かいこうする, rōmaji kaikō suru)

  1. meet by chance
    • 1905, Natsume Sōseki, 吾輩は猫である:
      その () () ()度々黒 (いはたびたびくろ)邂逅 (かいこう)する。
      Sono go wagahai wa tabitabi kuro to kaikō suru.
      After that, I bumped into the black cat from time to time.

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN