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ChineseEdit

meet unexpectedly meet unexpectedly
simp. and trad.
(邂逅)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

The original meaning may be "meet, interact" or "carefree". Old Chinese: *greːs groːs (possibly an expressive reduplication).

Schuessler considers this a derivative of (“to loosen”) and (“lazy, remiss”), citing the sense of "carefree and happy" in Shijing. Numerous variant forms are found throughout history.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (33) (33)
Final () (31) (137)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛH/ /ɦəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæH/ /ɦəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣæiH/ /ɣəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨjH/ /ɦəwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɛH/ /ɣuH/
Wang
Li
/ɣaiH/ /ɣəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣaiH/ /ɣə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xià hòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiè hòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ H › ‹ huwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤre-s/ /*[ɡ]ˤro-s/
English 邂逅 xièhòu carefree ((Odes 94.1– 2, 118.2) 邂逅 xièhòu carefree (Odes 94.1– 2, 118.2)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 6487 5171
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𠋫
Old
Chinese
/*ɡreːs/ /*ɡoːs/

VerbEdit

邂逅

  1. to run into somebody by chance (usually pleasantly)
    邂逅女孩 [MSC, trad.]
    邂逅女孩 [MSC, simp.]
    Děng chē de tā xièhòu le yī míng nǚhái. [Pinyin]
    He encountered a girl while waiting for a bus.
    邂逅相遇 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    邂逅相遇 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: The Classic of Poetry, circa 11th – 7th centuries BCE, translated based on James Legge's translation
    Xièhòu xiāngyù, shì wǒ yuàn xī. [Pinyin]
    We met together accidentally, and so my desire was satisfied.

AdjectiveEdit

邂逅

  1. (archaic) joyous and carefree

NounEdit

邂逅

  1. (pleasant) chance encounter
    美麗邂逅 [MSC, trad.]
    美丽邂逅 [MSC, simp.]
    rú yī chǎng měilì de xièhòu [Pinyin]
    as beautiful as a chance encounter

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
かい
Hyōgaiji
こう
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

邂逅 (hiragana かいこう, rōmaji kaikō)

  1. chance encounter

VerbEdit

邂逅する (intransitive, hiragana かいこう, rōmaji kaikō)

  1. meet by chance
    • 1905, Natsume Sōseki, 吾輩は猫である:
      その後吾輩 (ごわがはい)度々黒 (たびたびくろ)邂逅 (かいこう)する。
      Sono go wagahai wa tabitabi kuro to kaikō suru.
      After that, I bumped into the black cat from time to time.

ConjugationEdit