See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 148 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 弓月尸竹手 (NBSHQ), four-corner 27252, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1142, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35067
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1608, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3925, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+89E3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(horn) +  ‎(knife) +  ‎(cow) – a knife 刀 separates a horn 角 from a cow 牛, i.e. "cut up (an ox)".

EtymologyEdit

Three pronunciations are cognate. "To loosen; to disengage" > "idle, lazy, remiss". Cognate with (*kreːs, “lazy, remiss”) and possibly 邂逅 (*ɡreːs ɡroːs, “carefree and happy”).

? Area stem: *C-re. Compare Burmese ဖြေ ‎(hpre, to untie; to answer; to ease; to absolve), အဖြေ ‎(a.hpre, answer, solution; response; explication); Khmer រាយ ‎(réay, to scatter, to be divided up, to separate), ស្រាយ ‎(sray, to untie, to undo, to explain, to solve).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location 解 (開)
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɛ²¹⁴/
Harbin /kai²¹³/
/t͡ɕiɛ²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕie¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiɛ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiɛ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiɛ⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiɛ⁵³/
Xining /kɛ⁵³/
Yinchuan /kɛ⁵³/
/t͡ɕie⁵³/
Lanzhou /kɛ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɤ⁵¹/
/kai⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕie⁴²/ 瓦~
/kai⁴²/ ~手
Chengdu /kai⁵³/
/t͡ɕiai⁵³/
Guiyang /kai⁴²/
Kunming /kæ⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɛ²¹²/
Hefei /t͡ɕie̞²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡ɕie̞⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕie⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ka³⁵/
Suzhou /gɑ³¹/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕie̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /ka³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³⁵/
/ka³⁵/
Tunxi /ka³¹/
Xiang Changsha /kai⁴¹/
Xiangtan /kai⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kai²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kiai³¹/
Taoyuan /ke³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kai³⁵/
Nanning /kai³⁵/
Hong Kong /kai³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kai⁵³/
/kue⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kai²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /koi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kɔi²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣɛX/ /kaiX/ /kɛX/ /kɯæX/ /kaɨjX/ /kaiX/ /kæiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiě ‹ X › /*kˤreʔ/ cut up; unloose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6474 0 /*kreːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to loosen, to unfasten, to untie
    Antonyms: (), (jié)
  2. to explain
  3. to excrete
  4. to remove, to eliminate
  5. to divide, to break up, to split, to separate
  6. to dissolve
  7. to solve
  8. to understand
  9. solution (to a problem)
  10. 40th hexagram of the I Ching

Pronunciation 2Edit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣɛH/ /kaiH/ /kɛH/ /kɯæH/ /kaɨjH/ /kaiH/ /kæiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6478 0 /*kreːs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to introduce scholar to imperial palace
  2. to send under escort
      ―  jiè  ―  to take away under escort
  3. to mortgage
  4. to exchange (money)

Pronunciation 3Edit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛX/ /ɣaiX/ /ɣɛX/ /ɦɯæX/ /ɦaɨjX/ /ɣaiX/ /ɣæiX/
Character (), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛH/ /ɣaiH/ /ɣɛH/ /ɦɯæH/ /ɦaɨjH/ /ɣaiH/ /ɣæiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiè ‹ X › /*N-kˤreʔ/ understand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6483 0 /*ɡreːʔ/
6488 0 /*ɡreːs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. beast's name
  2. local authorities
  3. skill of acrobatics
  4. Ancient placename.
  5. Alternative form of (“to relax”).
  6. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. solution, untie

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hae, gae) (hangeul , , revised hae, gae, McCune-Reischauer hae, kae, Yale hay, kay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giải, giãi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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