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ChineseEdit

ghost; sly; crafty
 
God; unusual; mysterious; soul; spirit; divine essence; lively; spiritual being
simp. and trad.
(鬼神)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

鬼神

  1. ghosts and spirits

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
しん > じん
Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 鬼神 (/kʉiX ʑiɪn/ invalid IPA characters (X), literally devil, devilish + god, spirit).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

鬼神 (hiragana きじん, rōmaji kijin)

  1. a fierce god or spirit
  2. all of the spirits and souls and gods of the world
  3. (Buddhism) someone with superhuman power or ability, such as Śakra, the ruler of heaven, or a rakshasa or demon

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
おに
Grade: S
かみ > がみ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Compound of (oni, devil, demon, malevolent spirit) +‎ (kami, spirit, god).[2][1] The kami changes to gami as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

The term may have arisen as the native-Japanese reading of the Middle Chinese derived term kijin above.[2] Found in the Kokin Wakashū, published in roughly 905 CE.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

鬼神 (hiragana おにがみ, rōmaji onigami)

  1. an invisible spirit, particularly a fierce one

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

鬼神 (gwisin, McCune-Reischauer: kwisin, Yale: kwisin) (hangeul 귀신)

  1. Hanja form? of 귀신, “god, ghost, or spirit”.
  2. talent
  3. (look like) a fierce person

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

鬼神

  1. Hán tự form of quỷ thần, “god, ghost, or spirit