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- -se (used after palatalized consonants and front vowels)
- emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels:
- first-person singular
- second-person singular
- third-person singular feminine
- second-person plural
Spelled with a hyphen after -s, otherwise without a hyphen.
- Added to nouns (or adjectives modifying a noun) in the presence of the possessive adjective to emphasize the possessor rather than the thing possessed:
- mo chos-sa ― my foot
- do charr deargsa ― your sg red car
- Added to pronouns (both simple and prepositional) to add emphasis (not to create a reflexive pronoun):
- aistise ― out of her
- sibhse ― you pl
- Added to synthetic verb forms to add emphasis to the subject:
- cloisimse ― I hear
- chloisteása ― you sg used to hear
- chualabhairse ― you pl heard
- nominative feminine singular of
- nominative neuter plural of
- accusative neuter plural of
- vocative feminine singular of
- vocative neuter plural of
- emphatic first-person singular suffix
Added to nouns to emphasize a first-person singular possessor, to verbs and predicate adjectives to emphasize a first-person singular subject, and to inflected prepositions to emphasize a first-person singular object:
- c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 16d8
- Bíuu-sa oc irbáig dar far cenn-si fri Maccidóndu.
- I (emphatic) am boasting about you to the Macedonians.
- c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 20c25
- Níta chumme-se friusom.
- I (emphatic) am not like them (emphatic).
The alternative form -se is used after slender consonants and front vowels.
- Alternative spelling of
- -se (slender form)
- -self (emphatic)
- Added to prepositional pronouns (ending in a broad consonant) to add emphasis (not to create a reflexive pronoun):