Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

DutchEdit

SuffixEdit

-ma

  1. occurring in Dutch surnames of Frisian origin, ma is probably a shortened form of the old Frisian genitive plural -monna, 'the men's'. After this suffix had fallen into disuse in the Frisian language, it came to be considered as a suffix to form family names.

EstonianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-ma. Cognate with Finnish -ma.

SuffixEdit

-ma (da-infinitive -ta)

  1. Forms verbs from nouns.
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-ma. Cognate with Finnish -ma.

SuffixEdit

-ma

  1. The suffix of the ma-infinitive, which is the lemma form of a verb.

FinnishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-ma, from Proto-Uralic *-ma.

SuffixEdit

-ma (front vowel harmony variant -mä)

  1. Forms action/result nouns from verbs.
    elää (to live) + ‎-ma → ‎elämä (life)
    kuolla (to die) + ‎-ma → ‎kuolema (death)
    osua (to hit) + ‎-ma → ‎osuma (hit)
    sattua (to take place) + ‎-ma → ‎sattuma (chance)
    tapahtua (to happen) + ‎-ma → ‎tapahtuma (event)
InflectionEdit
Inflection of -ma (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative -ma -mat
genitive -man -mien
partitive -maa -mia
illative -maan -miin
singular plural
nominative -ma -mat
accusative nom. -ma -mat
gen. -man
genitive -man -mien
-mainrare
partitive -maa -mia
inessive -massa -missa
elative -masta -mista
illative -maan -miin
adessive -malla -milla
ablative -malta -milta
allative -malle -mille
essive -mana -mina
translative -maksi -miksi
instructive -min
abessive -matta -mitta
comitative -mineen

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-ma.

SuffixEdit

-ma (front vowel harmony variant -mä)

  1. The suffix of the agent participle.
    ajaa (to drive) + ‎-ma → ‎ajama (driven by)
    miehen ajama autocar driven by the man
InflectionEdit
Inflection of -ma (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative -ma -mat
genitive -man -mien
partitive -maa -mia
illative -maan -miin
singular plural
nominative -ma -mat
accusative nom. -ma -mat
gen. -man
genitive -man -mien
-mainrare
partitive -maa -mia
inessive -massa -missa
elative -masta -mista
illative -maan -miin
adessive -malla -milla
ablative -malta -milta
allative -malle -mille
essive -mana -mina
translative -maksi -miksi
instructive -min
abessive -matta -mitta
comitative -mine

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Created during the Hungarian language reform which took place in the 18th–19th centuries.. The neologists formed new words with it after artificially deducing it from words ending in -ma/-me. [1]

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ma

  1. (noun suffix, rare) Added to a word to form a noun.
    játszik (to play)játszma (game, match)

Usage notesEdit

  • (noun suffix) No longer productive. Harmonic variants:
    -ma is added to back vowel words
    -me is added to front vowel words

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -ma -mák
accusative -mát -mákat
dative -mának -máknak
instrumental -mával -mákkal
causal-final -máért -mákért
translative -mává -mákká
terminative -máig -mákig
essive-formal -maként -mákként
essive-modal -mául -mákul
inessive -mában -mákban
superessive -mán -mákon
adessive -mánál -máknál
illative -mába -mákba
sublative -mára -mákra
allative -mához -mákhoz
elative -mából -mákból
delative -máról -mákról
ablative -mától -máktól
Possessive forms of -ma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. -mám -máim
2nd person sing. -mád -máid
3rd person sing. -mája -mái
1st person plural -mánk -máink
2nd person plural -mátok -máitok
3rd person plural -májuk -máik

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


LatvianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-ma

  1. Added to adjectives (sometimes to nouns) to form abstract nouns, especially those referring to the state or property that corresponds to the original adjective (like, e.g., Eng. -ity).

Derived termsEdit



TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-ma

  1. Negates meaning of the verb.
    Artık senin için ağlamayacağım.
    I won't weep for you any more.

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ma

  1. Used to form verbal nouns.
    Unutulmayı hiç sevmem.
    I really don't like to be forgotten.

Usage notesEdit

  • Used when the verb's last vowel is a back vowel.

See alsoEdit


WarlpiriEdit

SuffixEdit

-ma

  1. causative suffix; to cause to do (the resulting verb is a ni-class verb)