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U+8154, 腔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8154

[U+8153]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8155]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 月十金一 (BJCM), four-corner 73211, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 987, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29630
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1439, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2092, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8154

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kroːŋ, *ɡroːŋ
kluːmʔ, *koːŋ
kluːmʔ
ŋr'oːŋ, *kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ, *qʰroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ, *koːŋ, *kuːŋ
kroːŋ
kroːŋ, *koːŋ
kroːŋs, *koːŋs, *ɡoːŋ
kʰroːŋ
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
kʰroːŋ
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰroːŋ, *kʰoŋ, *ɡoŋ
qʰroːŋ
qʰroːŋ, *qʰoːŋ
qʰroːŋ
ɡroːŋ
ɡroːŋʔ
ɡ·roːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ, *qʰoːŋ, *ɡoːŋ
koːŋ, *kuːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋ
koːŋs
koːŋs
kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ
kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋʔ, *kʰoːŋs
kʰoːŋs
qʰoːŋ
qʰoːŋʔ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ
ɡoːŋ, *ɡoːŋʔ
ɡoːŋʔ
ɡoːŋʔ
koŋʔ
koŋʔ
kʰoŋ, *qʰoŋ
kʰoŋʔ, *kʰoŋs
ɡoŋ
ɡoŋ
ɡoŋ
ɡoŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰroːŋ): semantic  (meat; flesh) + phonetic  (OC *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs, empty; hollow). Also an ideogrammic compound (會意).

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with (OC *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs, “empty; hollow”) (Wang, 1982).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khiuⁿ/khioⁿ/khiauⁿ - vernacular;
  • khiong/khiang, khang - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠʌŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚɔŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɔŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰaɨwŋ/
Li
Rong
/kʰɔŋ/
Wang
Li
/kʰɔŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɔŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiāng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4005
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰroːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. cavity; hollow in body
  2. (chiefly Chinese opera) tune; melody
  3. (linguistics) accent of one's speech
    調 /   ―  qiāngdiào  ―  accent
    四縣 / 四县  ―  Sìxiànqiāng  ―  Sixian accent

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

The くう reading is favoured especially by medical professionals. こう is the most common on'yomi for a kanji to have, whereas くう is one of the least common, so the homophony difference is vast. Furthermore, the component of this kanji is usually read as くう.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xoang, khang, xăng, xang)

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