See also: fél, fêl, and fel-

AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch fel, from Middle Dutch fel, from Old French fel.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

fel (attributive fel, comparative feller, superlative felste)

  1. ferocious, fierce
  2. bright (e.g. sunlight)

AdverbEdit

fel

  1. fiercely, ferociously

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan [Term?] (compare Occitan fèl), from Latin fel (bile) (compare French fiel, Spanish hiel), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (green).

NounEdit

fel m (plural fels)

  1. gall

Further readingEdit


CornishEdit

NounEdit

fel

  1. Mixed mutation of mel.

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch fel, from Old French fel.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /fɛl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: fel
  • Rhymes: -ɛl

AdjectiveEdit

fel (comparative feller, superlative felst)

  1. bright, shiny (e.g. sunlight)
  2. fierce, feisty, even bitter
  3. flashy, showy

InflectionEdit

Inflection of fel
uninflected fel
inflected felle
comparative feller
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial fel feller het felst
het felste
indefinite m./f. sing. felle fellere felste
n. sing. fel feller felste
plural felle fellere felste
definite felle fellere felste
partitive fels fellers

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: fel
  • Papiamentu: fel (dated)

AdverbEdit

fel

  1. fiercely
    De Frisii waren een Germaans volk en net als verscheidene andere Germaanse volkeren wisten ze zich fel te verdedigen tegen de Romeinen[1] — The Frisii were a Germanic people and, just like various other Germanic peoples, they knew how to defend themselves fiercely against the Romans.

DescendantsEdit

AnagramsEdit


ElfdalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Swedish fuller.

AdverbEdit

fel

  1. probably, likely

HungarianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Apocopic form of felé (archaic; unrelated to present-day felé (towards)), a lexicalization of the fel form of föl (upper part, surface) +‎ (locative suffix), shortening, then dropping the final vowel.[1]

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

fel (comparative feljebb)

  1. up, upward, upwards (to a physically higher or more elevated position)
    Synonym: felfelé
    Antonyms: le, lefelé
    Coordinate terms: fent, fenn, (at a physically higher position) felül

Derived termsEdit

(Expressions):

See the compound word derivations below, at the noun sense.

NounEdit

fel (uncountable)

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of föl (upper part, surface)
    Synonyms: (upper part) felső rész, (surface) felület
  2. (rare, dialectal) Alternative form of föl (skim, of the milk) or föl (cream, the best part)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of fel
singular plural
nominative fel
accusative felt
felet
dative felnek
instrumental fellel
causal-final felért
translative fellé
terminative felig
essive-formal felként
essive-modal
inessive felben
superessive felen
adessive felnél
illative felbe
sublative felre
allative felhez
elative felből
delative felről
ablative feltől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
felé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
feléi
Possessive forms of fel
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. felem
2nd person sing. feled
3rd person sing. fele
1st person plural felünk
2nd person plural feletek
3rd person plural felük

Derived termsEdit

  • Compound words
  • AdjectiveEdit

    fel

    1. (obsolete, only in compounds) upper, higher
      Synonyms: felső, feljebbi, fentebbi, fentebb/feljebb/magasabban lévő

    Derived termsEdit

    Compound words

    See alsoEdit

    • fel- (up, verbal prefix)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ fel in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

    Further readingEdit

    • (up): fel in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
    • (skim, best part; rare, dialectal): fel , redirecting to standard (1): föl in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
    • (upper part): fel in Czuczor, Gergely and János Fogarasi: A magyar nyelv szótára (’A Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Pest: Emich Gusztáv Magyar Akadémiai Nyomdász, 1862–1874.

    LatinEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Uncertain. Either from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (green), or from *bʰel-, *bʰl̥H- (yellow). *ǵʰ- > f- instead of the expected *h- is explained as being regular in some dialects.[1] Cognates through the first etymon include holus and helvus; Ancient Greek χολή (kholḗ, bile) and χλωρός (khlōrós, green); and English yellow and gold.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    fel n (genitive fellis); third declension

    1. gall bladder
    2. gall, bile
    3. poison
    4. bitterness, venom

    DeclensionEdit

    Third-declension noun (neuter, i-stem).

    Case Singular Plural
    Nominative fel fella
    Genitive fellis fellium
    fellum
    Dative fellī fellibus
    Accusative fel fella
    Ablative felle fellibus
    Vocative fel fella

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “fel”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 209
    • fel in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
    • fel in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

    Middle DutchEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Borrowed from Old French fel.

    AdjectiveEdit

    fel

    1. cruel, harsh
    2. evil
    3. terrible
    4. dangerous

    InflectionEdit

    This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

    DescendantsEdit

    Further readingEdit


    Old FrenchEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Frankish *fel, from Proto-Germanic *faluz; cognate with felon.

    AdjectiveEdit

    fel m (oblique and nominative feminine singular fele)

    1. evil
    2. vile; despicable
      • circa 1170, Chrétien de Troyes, 'Érec et Énide':
        "Fui!" fet Erec, "nains enuiieus!
        Trop es fel et contraliieus.["]
        "Flee" said Erec "pesky dwarf!
        You are too vile and maddening"

    ReferencesEdit


    Old IrishEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    VerbEdit

    fel

    1. Alternative form of fil

    MutationEdit

    Old Irish mutation
    Radical Lenition Nasalization
    fel ḟel fel
    pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
    Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
    possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

    PortugueseEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Old Portuguese fel, from Latin fel, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (green).

    PronunciationEdit

    • IPA(key): (Brazil) /ˈfɛw/, [ˈfɛʊ̯]
    • IPA(key): (Portugal) /ˈfɛl/, [ˈfɛɫ]

    NounEdit

    fel f (plural féis or feles)

    1. sourness, acerbity, bitterness
      Synonym: azedume
    2. (figuratively) sorrow
      Synonym: amargura
    3. (medicine) gall; bile
      Synonyms: bile, bílis

    RomanianEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Borrowed from Hungarian -féle.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    fel n (plural feluri)

    1. sort, type, kind
      fel de fel de oameni — all kinds of people
      la fel ca tine — the same as you
    2. manner, style, way
      În ce fel? — In what way?
      În felul acesta. — In this way.
      Într-un fel e un lucru bun a plecat. — In a way it's a good thing that he left.
      Nu e în felul lui fie neprietenos. — It's not in his nature to be unkind.

    DeclensionEdit

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit


    SwedishEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    See Norwegian feil and Danish fejl. Used in Swedish at least since 1527. For the adverb, the now obsolete form felt was the dominant written form until the mid 19th century.

    PronunciationEdit

    AdjectiveEdit

    fel

    1. wrong, incorrect, erroneous
      Fel svar ger inga poäng.
      A wrong answer gives no points.

    AntonymsEdit

    AdverbEdit

    fel

    1. wrong, wrongly, incorrectly, erroneously
      Hon svarade fel på hälften av frågorna.
      She answered wrong on half of the questions.
      Planen slog fel.
      The plan failed.

    NounEdit

    fel n

    1. mistake
      Jag erkänner, jag gjorde fel.
      I admit, I made a mistake.
      Han har fel.
      He is wrong.
    2. error, fault, deviation (from the correct or normal)

    DeclensionEdit

    Declension of fel 
    Singular Plural
    Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
    Nominative fel felet fel felen
    Genitive fels felets fels felens

    Derived termsEdit

    This list includes words based on the adverb (felcitera (to cite erroneously)) as well as the noun (felsöka (to search for errors)).

    ReferencesEdit


    VolapükEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    fel (nominative plural fels)

    1. field (general)

    DeclensionEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    See alsoEdit


    WelshEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Breton evel, Irish samhail, Latin similis. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sem- (together, one).[1]

    PronunciationEdit

    PrepositionEdit

    fel

    1. as, like

    Related termsEdit

    AdverbEdit

    fel

    1. (colloquial) (South Wales) how
      Fel ŷch chi'n ca'l ych nabod?How are you known?

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “fel”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
    2. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, § 51 vi

    WestrobothnianEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Old Norse *fél, from Proto-Germanic *finhlō (file).

    NounEdit

    fel f (definite singular fela)

    1. rasp, file

    VerbEdit

    fêl

    1. to rasp, to file
      ja skull a hatt feld opp såga
      I should have filed the saw.