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See also: Toll

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English tol, tolle, from Old English tol, toll, toln (toll, duty, custom), from Proto-Germanic *tullō (what is counted or told), from Proto-Indo-European *dol- (calculation, fraud)[1]. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Tol (toll), Dutch tol (toll), German Zoll (toll, duty, customs), Danish told (toll, duty, tariff), Swedish tull (toll, customs), Icelandic tollur (toll, customs), Latin dolus (trick, deception). More at tell, tale.

Alternate etymology derives Old English toll, from Medieval Latin tolōneum, tolōnium, alteration (due to the Germanic forms above) of Latin telōneum, from Ancient Greek τελώνιον (telṓnion, toll-house), from τέλος (télos, tax).

NounEdit

toll (plural tolls)

  1. Loss or damage incurred through a disaster.
    The war has taken its toll on the people.
  2. A fee paid for some liberty or privilege, particularly for the privilege of passing over a bridge or on a highway, or for that of vending goods in a fair, market, etc.
  3. (business) A fee for using any kind of material processing service.
    We can handle on a toll basis your needs for spray drying, repackaging, crushing and grinding, and dry blending.
  4. (US) A tollbooth.
    We will be replacing some manned tolls with high-speed device readers.
  5. (Britain, law, obsolete) A liberty to buy and sell within the bounds of a manor.
  6. A portion of grain taken by a miller as a compensation for grinding.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

toll (third-person singular simple present tolls, present participle tolling, simple past and past participle tolled)

  1. (transitive) To impose a fee for the use of.
    Once more it is proposed to toll the East River bridges.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To levy a toll on (someone or something).
    • Shakespeare
      No Italian priest / Shall tithe or toll in our dominions.
  3. (transitive) To take as a toll.
  4. To pay a toll or tallage.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Whitney, The Century dictionary and cyclopedia, toll.

Etymology 2Edit

Probably the same as Etymology 3. Possibly related to or influenced by toil

NounEdit

toll (plural tolls)

  1. The act or sound of tolling
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

toll (third-person singular simple present tolls, present participle tolling, simple past and past participle tolled)

  1. (ergative) To ring (a bell) slowly and repeatedly.
    Martin tolled the great bell every day.
    Ask not for whom the bell tolls.
    • 1922 February, James Joyce, “[Episode 12: The Cyclops]”, in Ulysses, Paris: Shakespeare & Co.; Sylvia Beach, OCLC 560090630; republished London: Published for the Egoist Press, London by John Rodker, Paris, October 1922, OCLC 2297483:
      From the belfries far and near the funereal deathbell tolled unceasingly while all around the gloomy precincts rolled the ominous warning of a hundred muffled drums punctuated by the hollow booming of pieces of ordnance.
  2. (transitive) To summon by ringing a bell.
    The ringer tolled the workers back from the fields for vespers.
    • Dryden
      When hollow murmurs of their evening bells / Dismiss the sleepy swains, and toll them to their cells.
  3. (transitive) To announce by tolling.
    The bells tolled the King’s death.
    • Beattie
      Slow tolls the village clock the drowsy hour.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English tolen, tollen, variation of tullen, tillen (to draw, allure, entice), from Old English *tyllan, *tillan (to pull, draw, attract) (found in compounds fortyllan (to seduce, lead astray, draw away from the mark, deceive) and betyllan, betillan (to lure, decoy)), related to Old Frisian tilla (to lift, raise), Dutch tillen (to lift, raise, weigh, buy), Low German tillen (to lift, remove), Swedish dialectal tille (to take up, appropriate).

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

toll (third-person singular simple present tolls, present participle tolling, simple past and past participle tolled)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To draw; pull; tug; drag.
  2. (transitive) To tear in pieces.
  3. (transitive) To draw; entice; invite; allure.
    Hou many virgins shal she tolle and drawe to þe Lord - "Life of Our Lady"
  4. (transitive) To lure with bait (especially, fish and animals).
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Latin tollō (to lift up).

VerbEdit

toll (third-person singular simple present tolls, present participle tolling, simple past and past participle tolled)

  1. (law, obsolete) To take away; to vacate; to annul.
  2. (law) To suspend.
    The statute of limitations defense was tolled as a result of the defendant’s wrongful conduct.
TranslationsEdit

CatalanEdit

NounEdit

toll m (plural tolls)

  1. pool, puddle

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German tol, from Proto-Germanic *dulaz (dazed, foolish, crazy, stupid), cognate with English dull. More at dull.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

toll (comparative toller, superlative am tollsten)

  1. great, nice, wonderful
  2. (dated) crazy, mad

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • toll in Duden online

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Uralic *tulka (feather, wing). Cognates include Mansi товыл (towəl, wing, feather).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

toll (plural tollak)

  1. feather
  2. pen

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative toll tollak
accusative tollat tollakat
dative tollnak tollaknak
instrumental tollal tollakkal
causal-final tollért tollakért
translative tollá tollakká
terminative tollig tollakig
essive-formal tollként tollakként
essive-modal
inessive tollban tollakban
superessive tollon tollakon
adessive tollnál tollaknál
illative tollba tollakba
sublative tollra tollakra
allative tollhoz tollakhoz
elative tollból tollakból
delative tollról tollakról
ablative tolltól tollaktól
Possessive forms of toll
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. tollam tollaim
2nd person sing. tollad tollaid
3rd person sing. tolla tollai
1st person plural tollunk tollaink
2nd person plural tollatok tollaitok
3rd person plural tolluk tollaik

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entry #1075 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6

IcelandicEdit

NounEdit

toll

  1. indefinite accusative singular of tollur

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /t̪ˠoːl̪ˠ/, /t̪ˠɔl̪ˠ/

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish toll (hole, hollow; buttocks, hindquarters).

NounEdit

toll m (genitive singular toill, nominative plural toill)

  1. hole, hollow
  2. posterior, buttocks
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish toll (pierced, perforated; hollow, empty).

AdjectiveEdit

toll (genitive singular masculine toill, genitive singular feminine toille, plural tolla, comparative toille)

  1. pierced, perforated
  2. hollow, empty; (of voice) deep, hollow
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Irish tollaid (pierces; penetrates).

VerbEdit

toll (present analytic tollann, future analytic tollfaidh, verbal noun tolladh, past participle tollta)

  1. to bore, to pierce, to perforate
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
toll tholl dtoll
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin teloneum and Old Norse tollr

NounEdit

toll m (definite singular tollen, indefinite plural toller, definite plural tollene)

  1. duty (customs duty, excise duty)
  2. customs
    gjennom tollen - to go through customs

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin teloneum and Old Norse tollr

NounEdit

toll m (definite singular tollen, indefinite plural tollar, definite plural tollane)

  1. duty (customs duty, excise duty)
  2. customs
    gjennom tollen - to go through customs

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *tollą, from Vulgar Latin toloneum, from Late Latin teloneum, from Ancient Greek τελώνιον (telṓnion, toll-house), from τέλος (télos, tax). Germanic cognates include Old Saxon tol (Dutch tol), Old High German zol (German Zoll), Old Norse tollr (Swedish tull). See also parallel forms represented by Old English toln.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

toll n

  1. tax, toll, fare

Scottish GaelicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish toll (hole, hollow; buttocks, hindquarters).

NounEdit

toll m (genitive singular tuill, plural tuill)

  1. hole, cavity, puncture, hollow
  2. crevice, perforation
  3. pit
  4. socket
  5. (nautical) hold of a ship
  6. (vulgar) arse
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish tollaid (pierces; penetrates), from toll (hole, hollow).

VerbEdit

toll (past tholl, future tollaidh, verbal noun tolladh, past participle tollte)

  1. bore, piece, drill, perforate

Skolt SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Samic *tolë, from Proto-Uralic *tule.

NounEdit

toll

  1. fire

Ter SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Samic *tolë, from Proto-Uralic *tule.

NounEdit

toll

  1. fire

Further readingEdit