See also: Echo, écho, echó, ekhó, and echö

Translingual edit

 

Noun edit

echo

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Echo of the ICAO/NATO radiotelephony alphabet.

English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English eccho, ecco, ekko, from Medieval Latin ecco, from Latin echo, from Ancient Greek ἠχώ (ēkhṓ), from ἠχή (ēkhḗ, sound). Possibly from the same Proto-Indo-European root as sough.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

echo (countable and uncountable, plural echoes or echos)

  1. A reflected sound that is heard again by its initial observer.
    Hypernym: reverberation
    • c. 1588–1593 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Lamentable Tragedy of Titus Andronicus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act II, scene iii]:
      The babbling echo mocks the hounds.
    • 1709 May, Alexander Pope, “Pastorals. Summer. The Second Pastoral, or Alexis.”, in Poetical Miscellanies: The Sixth Part. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], →OCLC, page 732:
      To you I mourn; nor to the Deaf I ſing, / The Woods ſhall anſwer, and their Echo ring.
    • 1960, P[elham] G[renville] Wodehouse, chapter X, in Jeeves in the Offing, London: Herbert Jenkins, →OCLC:
      “Then what is your little trouble?” “My little trouble!” I felt that this sort of thing must be stopped at its source. It was only ten minutes to dressing-for-dinner time, and we could go on along these lines for hours. “Listen, old crumpet,” I said patiently. “Make up your mind whether you are my old friend Reginald Herring or an echo in the Swiss mountains. If you're simply going to repeat every word I say –”
    • 2013 May-June, William E. Conner, “An Acoustic Arms Race”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, pages 206–7:
      Earless ghost swift moths become “invisible” to echolocating bats by forming mating clusters close (less than half a meter) above vegetation and effectively blending into the clutter of echoes that the bat receives from the leaves and stems around them.
  2. An utterance repeating what has just been said.
  3. (poetry) A device in verse in which a line ends with a word which recalls the sound of the last word of the preceding line.
  4. (figurative) Sympathetic recognition; response; answer.
  5. (computing) The displaying on the command line of the command that has just been executed.
  6. (computing) An individual discussion forum using the echomail system.
    • 1992, Dial in, page 9:
      When someone asks an off-topic question [] they are usually quickly told to knock it off. You can't ask a question about modems in an echo devoted to local-area networks.
  7. (international standards) Alternative letter-case form of Echo from the NATO/ICAO Phonetic Alphabet.
  8. (whist, bridge) A signal, played in the same manner as a trump signal, made by a player who holds four or more trumps (or, as played by some, exactly three trumps) and whose partner has led trumps or signalled for trumps.
  9. (whist, bridge) A signal showing the number held of a plain suit when a high card in that suit is led by one's partner.
  10. An antisemitic punctuation symbol or marking, ((( ))), placed around a name or phrase to indicate the person is Jewish or the entity is controlled by Jewish people.
  11. (medicine, colloquial, uncountable) Clipping of echocardiography.
  12. (medicine, colloquial, countable) Clipping of echocardiogram.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Verb edit

echo (third-person singular simple present echoes, present participle echoing, simple past and past participle echoed)

  1. (intransitive) Of a sound or sound waves: to reflect off a surface and return; to reverberate or resound.
  2. (intransitive, figuratively) Of a rumour, opinion, etc.: to spread or reverberate.
    • 2004 October 29, Marco R. Della Cava, “Vaccine shortage pricks tempers”, in Statesman Journal, volume 152, number 214, Salem, OR, page 2A:
      The sense that it takes outrageous fortune to get inoculated echoes here in the Bay Area, where pharmacies have canceled flu-shot clinics, doctors turn away pleading patients and health officials are reduced to telling panicked callers that they should practice good personal hygiene.
  3. (transitive) To reflect back (a sound).
    • 1697, Virgil, “(please specify the book number)”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], →OCLC:
      Those peals are echoed by the Trojan throng.
    • 1827, John Keble, The Christian Year: Christmas Day:
      The wondrous sound / Is echoed on forever.
  4. (transitive, figuratively) To repeat (another’s speech, opinion, etc.).
    Sid echoed his father’s point of view.
    • 1897, Richard Marsh, The Beetle:
      ‘I want nothing.’
      ‘Nor I,’ echoed Sydney.
    • 2013 July-August, Sarah Glaz, “Ode to Prime Numbers”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 4:
      Some poems, echoing the purpose of early poetic treatises on scientific principles, attempt to elucidate the mathematical concepts that underlie prime numbers. Others play with primes’ cultural associations. Still others derive their structure from mathematical patterns involving primes.
    • 2023 March 8, David Clough, “The long road that led to Beeching”, in RAIL, number 978, page 43:
      His views were echoed by The Economist, which feared that the effects of modernisation would be no more than “chromium-plated” inefficiency caused by unimaginative railway management and adverse union reaction.
  5. (computing, transitive) To repeat its input as input to some other device or system.
    • 1991, Martin D. Seyer, RS-232 made easy:
      The device that is to echo the characters should be optioned for echoplexing.
  6. (intransitive, whist, bridge) To give the echo signal, informing one's partner about cards one holds.

Synonyms edit

Translations edit

Anagrams edit

Asturian edit

Verb edit

echo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of echar

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

echo n

  1. echo (reflected sound)
    Synonym: ozvěna

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • echo in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • echo in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛ.xoː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: echo

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Dutch echo, from Latin ēchō, from Ancient Greek ἠχώ (ēkhṓ), from ἠχή (ēkhḗ, sound).

Noun edit

echo m (plural echo's, diminutive echootje n)

  1. echo
    Synonym: weergalm
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Papiamentu: èko, echo

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

echo

  1. inflection of echoën:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Ladino edit

Noun edit

echo m (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling איג׳ו)

  1. work

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἠχώ (ēkhṓ).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ēchō f sg (genitive ēchūs); fourth declension

  1. repercussion of sound, echo
    Synonym: imāgō f (pure Latin)
    • c. 62 CE, Persius, Saturae 1.99–102:[1]
      “‘torva Mimalloneis implerunt cornua bombis,’ / et ‘raptum vitulo caput ablatura superbo / Bassaris,’ et ‘lyncem Maenas flexura corymbis / euhion ingeminat, reparabilis adsonat echo!’”
    • c. 77 CE – 79 CE, Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia XI.17.xxi.65:
      Inimica et echo est resultanti sono, qui pavidas alterno pulset ictu; inimica et nebula.
    • Aus., Mos. 297
    • Aus., Ep. 10.23
    • Aus., Ep. 25.68
    • Vulg., Sap. 17.18
    • Acc., Tr. 572

Declension edit

Fourth-declension noun (all cases except the genitive singular in ), singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative ēchō
Genitive ēchūs
Dative ēchō
Accusative ēchō
ēchōn
Ablative ēchō
Vocative ēchō
  • Only the nominative singular and the accusative singular ēchō and ēchōn are attested in ancient Latin.[1]

References edit

  • echo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • echo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Echo.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

echo n (related adjective echowy)

  1. echo (reflected sound that is heard again by its initial observer)
  2. (figurative) echo (reactions to phenomena and events that occurred earlier)
  3. (figurative) echo (news that spreads fast)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

verbs

Related terms edit

adverbs

Further reading edit

  • echo in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • echo in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Noun edit

echo m (plural echos)

  1. Pre-reform spelling (until Brazil 1943/Portugal 1911) of eco.

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Vulgar Latin *iectus, from Latin iactus.

Noun edit

echo m (plural echos)

  1. (obsolete) throw
    Synonyms: tiro, lanzamiento

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

echo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of echar

Further reading edit