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See also: Hal, HAL, hâl, hál, hàl, häl, hål, and hæl

Contents

AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic һал
Roman hal
Perso-Arabic حال

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Arabic حَال(ḥāl).

NounEdit

hal (definite accusative halı, plural hallar)

  1. condition, state
    Synonyms: vəziyyət, durum
  2. state of mind, mood
    Synonym: əhval-ruhiyyə
  3. the physical or mental strength to do something
    Synonyms: güc, qüvvət, taqət
  4. (grammar) case
    Azərbaycan dilində ismin 6 halı var.Nouns have 6 [grammatical] cases in Azerbaijani.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


BurushaskiEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hal (plural haljo)

  1. fox

ReferencesEdit

Sadaf Munshi (2015), “Word Lists”, in Burushaski Language Documentation Project[1]


DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Old Norse hǫll (large living room)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hal c (singular definite hallen, plural indefinite haller)

  1. hall
  2. sports centre
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See hale.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

hal

  1. imperative of hale

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch halle, from Old Dutch *halla, from Proto-Germanic *hallō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to hide, cover, conceal). Cognate with Low German Hall, German Halle, English hall, Danish hall.

NounEdit

hal f (plural hallen, diminutive halletje n)

  1. hall, hallway
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

hal n (plural hallen, diminutive halletje n)

  1. frozen ground

HaidaEdit

PronounEdit

hal

  1. he, she, it (3rd person singular personal pronoun, weak-A or weak-B)
  2. his, her, its, their (3rd person possessive pronoun, weak-B)
Usage notesEdit
  • Weak pronouns are placed right before the verb; strong pronouns are placed at the start of the sentence (focus position) and are followed by the focus marker uu.
  • Some Haida verbs use pronouns from set A, while other verbs need pronouns from set B.
See alsoEdit

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈhɒl]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hal

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Uralic *kala. Cognates include Khanty and Mansi хул (hul), Finnish and Estonian kala.[1][2]

NounEdit

hal (plural halak)

  1. fish
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative hal halak
accusative halat halakat
dative halnak halaknak
instrumental hallal halakkal
causal-final halért halakért
translative hallá halakká
terminative halig halakig
essive-formal halként halakként
essive-modal
inessive halban halakban
superessive halon halakon
adessive halnál halaknál
illative halba halakba
sublative halra halakra
allative halhoz halakhoz
elative halból halakból
delative halról halakról
ablative haltól halaktól
Possessive forms of hal
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. halam halaim
2nd person sing. halad halaid
3rd person sing. hala halai
1st person plural halunk halaink
2nd person plural halatok halaitok
3rd person plural haluk halaik
Derived termsEdit

(Compound words):

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Uralic *kale- (to die). Cognates include Mansi хо̄луӈкве (hōluňkve) and Finnish kuolla.

VerbEdit

hal

  1. (intransitive) to die (to stop living; to become dead)
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):

(Compound words):

(Expressions):

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entry #228 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

IcelandicEdit

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic حَال(ḥāl).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hal (plural hal-hal, first-person possessive halku, second-person possessive halmu, third-person possessive halnya)

  1. circumstance, state, condition
  2. affair, case, problem, thing
  3. cause

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

hal

  1. second-person singular imperative of halen

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *hailaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole, intact, well-omened). Cognate with Old Frisian hēl (West Frisian hiel), Old Saxon hēl (Low German hel, heel, heil) Dutch heel, geheel (healthy), Old High German heil (German heil (healthy)), Old Norse heill (Danish and Swedish hel (whole)), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐌻𐍃 (hails), Vandalic eils. The Proto-Indo-European root is also the source of Old Church Slavonic целъ (celŭ) (Russian целый (celyj, whole, healthy)), Ancient Greek κοῖλυ (koîlu, goodness, beauty), Welsh coel (sign).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hāl

  1. sound, healthy, intact
    Iosep axode hwæðer hira fæder wære hal. Joseph asked whether their father were well. (Genesis)
  2. whole, undivided

DeclensionEdit

Weak Strong
case singular plural case singular plural
m n f m n f m n f
nominative hāla hāle hāle hālan nom. hāl hāle hāl hāla, -e
accusative hālan hāle hālan acc. hālne hāl hāle hāle hāl hāla, -e
genitive hālan hālra, hālena gen. hāles hāles hālre hālra
dative hālan hālum dat. hālum hālum hālre hālum
instrumental hāle

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hal f

  1. genitive plural of hala

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hal (comparative halare, superlative halast)

  1. slippery

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of hal
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular hal halare halast
Neuter singular halt halare halast
Plural hala halare halast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 hale halare halaste
All hala halare halaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

TurkishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /hɑlʲ/
  • Hyphenation: hal

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from French halle.

NounEdit

hal

  1. covered market
    Can halden 3 kilo elma aldı.
    Can bought 3 kilos of apple from the covered marked

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative hal
Definite accusative hali
Singular Plural
Nominative hal haller
Definite accusative hali halleri
Dative hale hallere
Locative halde hallerde
Ablative halden hallerden
Genitive halin hallerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular halim hallerim
2nd singular halin hallerin
3rd singular hali halleri
1st plural halimiz hallerimiz
2nd plural haliniz halleriniz
3rd plural halleri halleri

Etymology 2Edit

From Arabic حَلّ(ḥall).

NounEdit

hal

  1. solution
    Meselinin hallini üzerine aldı.
    [He/She/It] took the solution of the issue on [him/her/it]self.
    Synonym: çözüm

Usage notesEdit

  • Not to be confused with hâl (situation or grammar case)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative hal
Definite accusative halli
Singular Plural
Nominative hal haller
Definite accusative halli halleri
Dative halle hallere
Locative halde hallerde
Ablative halden hallerden
Genitive hallin hallerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular hallim hallerim
2nd singular hallin hallerin
3rd singular halli halleri
1st plural hallimiz hallerimiz
2nd plural halliniz halleriniz
3rd plural halleri halleri

WestrobothnianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hal

  1. Alternative form of hahl

VerbEdit

hal

  1. To pull firmly.

Alternative formsEdit


ZazakiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic.

NounEdit

hal

  1. state, condition
  2. (grammar) case