Last modified on 28 August 2014, at 09:47
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (say) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +10, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜口廿廿月 (YRTTB), four-corner 05657, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1175, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35824
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1640, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4004, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8B1B

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Shanghainese, non-standard)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (講), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 江
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 古項切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣʌŋX/ /kɔŋX/ /kɔŋX/ /kɯɔŋX/ /kaɨwŋX/ /kɔŋX/ /kɔŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiǎng ‹ kaewngX › /*kˤroŋʔ/ explain; discuss

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4201 0 /*kroːŋʔ/

VerbEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to speak; to talk; to say
    • 英語而且 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      Tā huì jiǎng yīngyǔ, érqiě jiǎng de hǎo. [Pinyin]
      He can speak English, and what's more he speaks it very well.
    • 唔識廣東話 [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.]
      ngo5 m4 sik1 gong2 gwong2 dung1 waa6-2. [Jyutping]
      I don't speak Cantonese.
  2. to explain, to discuss, to lecture

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

  1. speech
  2. lecture

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana こう, romaji -kō)

  1. reading or lecture
  2. reading of sacred scriptures by Buddhist monks
    法華 (ほっけ)八講 (はっこう)
    hokke hakkō
    reading of the eight scrolls of the Lotus Sutra
  3. gathering of monks and laity for Buddhist rites
    涅槃 (ねはん) (こう)
    nehan kō
    rites on February 15, the death day of the Buddha
  4. lay association of Buddhist or Shinto believers
  5. mutual financial assistance association
    いわゆる「ネズミ (こう)」を運営 (うんえい)したとして、無限連鎖講防止法違反 (むげんれんさこうぼうしほういはん) (うたが)いが ()たれています。
    iwayuru "nezumi-kō" o un'ei shita toshite, mugenrensakō bōshihō ihan no utagai gamotareteimasu.
    He is being held on suspicion of violating the Law on Prevention of Pyramid Schemes for operating a so-called "Mouse Mutual Assistance Association."

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giảng, nhãng)

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