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ChineseEdit

 
up; on; on top; upon; first; previous or last; upper; higher; above; previous; to climb; to go into; to go up
hand; convenient; ‑er
simp. and trad.
(上手)

Pronunciation 1Edit


NounEdit

上手

  1. left-hand seat; seat of honor
  2. predecessor; one's superior
  3. player whose turn comes next
  4. expert
  5. (Cantonese) previous owner of real estate

Pronunciation 2Edit


VerbEdit

上手

  1. to start, to begin
  2. to get in one's hand; to get (fish, etc.) on the hook

AdverbEdit

上手

  1. (colloquial) at the outset

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
じょう
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
on’yomi

/d͡ʑauzu//d͡ʑɔːzu//d͡ʑoːzu/

From Middle Chinese compound 上手 (dzyangH syuwX, to have the upper hand → to gain mastery, to master something, literally top hand).

This reading is likely a later innovation in Japanese after the initial borrowing. This uses the goon of for the first character, and the kan'yōon of zu for the second character.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

上手 (-na inflection, hiragana じょうず, rōmaji jōzu, historical hiragana じやうず)

  1. skillful, dexterous
InflectionEdit
AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

上手 (hiragana じょうず, rōmaji jōzu, historical hiragana じやうず)

  1. (rare) skill, dexterity
  2. flattery (from being told how skillful one is, even if one isn't)
    いつもお上手 (じょうず)をいわれて自惚 (うぬぼ)れた。
    Itsumo ojōzu o iwarete unuboreta.
    He was always told flattering things and got full of himself.
  3. a person with the seventh dan in the games of shogi or go
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
じょう
Grade: 1
しゅ
Grade: 1
on’yomi

/d͡ʑauɕu//d͡ʑɔːɕu//d͡ʑoːɕu/

From Middle Chinese compound 上手 (dzyangH syuwX, to have the upper hand → to gain mastery, to master something, literally top hand).

This is the goon reading for both characters, so likely the reading as initially borrowed.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

上手 (-na inflection, hiragana じょうしゅ, rōmaji jōshu, historical hiragana じやうしゆ)

  1. (obsolete) same as jōzu reading above
Usage notesEdit

Obsolete. Replaced by the jōzu reading above.

NounEdit

上手 (hiragana じょうしゅ, rōmaji jōshu, historical hiragana じやうしゆ)

  1. (obsolete) same as jōzu reading above
Usage notesEdit

Obsolete. Replaced by the jōzu reading above.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
じょう
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
jūbakoyomi

/d͡ʑaute//d͡ʑɔːte//d͡ʑoːte/

Variation on jōzu above, replacing the kan'yōon of zu with the kun'yomi of te.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

上手 (hiragana じょうて, rōmaji jōte, historical hiragana じやうて)

  1. (rare) alternate for jōzu above
  2. Short for 上手物 (jōtemono): an exquisite piece of workmanship
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
うわ
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of (uwa, up, upper) +‎ (te, hand).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

上手 (-na inflection, hiragana うわて, rōmaji uwate)

  1. superior, better
  2. aggressive, bold, on the offensive
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

上手 (hiragana うわて, rōmaji uwate)

  1. (sumo) an overhand hold
  2. (sumo) the upper hand in an overhand hold
  3. upstream, the upstream portion of a river
  4. upwind
  5. a skilled player of games, such as go or shogi
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
かみ
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of (kami, up, upper) +‎ (te, hand).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

上手 (hiragana かみて, rōmaji kamite)

  1. upstream, the upstream portion of a river
  2. upwind
  3. uphill, the upper portion of a hill or other geographic feature
  4. the head of a table, the seat of honor
  5. stage left: the left-hand side of a stage when looking from the stage towards the audience
  6. the left-hand side of a drawstring on a fishing net
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

/kamute//kaute//kɔːte//koːte/

Originally a compound of (kamu, up, upper) +‎ (te, hand).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

上手 (hiragana こうて, rōmaji kōte, historical hiragana かうて)

  1. (rare) the left-hand side of a drawstring on a fishing net

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN