U+5824, 堤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5824

[U+5823]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5825]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土日一人 (GAMO), four-corner 46181, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 233, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5259
  • Dae Jaweon: page 470, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 463, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5824

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *teː, *teːʔ, *dje): semantic (soil) + phonetic (OC *djeʔ).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (5)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tei/
Pan
Wuyun
/tei/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛj/
Li
Rong
/tei/
Wang
Li
/tiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 11614
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*teː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. dyke; embankment
  2. base of bottles

Usage notesEdit

Xiandai Hanyu Guifan Cidian (现代汉语规范词典) proscribes the use of the pronunciation .

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (5)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/teiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/teiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛjX/
Li
Rong
/teiX/
Wang
Li
/tieiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tieiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 11616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*teːʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (zhǐ, “to stop”).

Pronunciation 3Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (25)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiə̆/
Li
Rong
/ʑie/
Wang
Li
/ʑǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 11643
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*dje/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 堤封 (shífēng, “in total; approximately”).

Pronunciation 4Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used in place names.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(つつみ) (tsutsumi

  1. dike

Proper nounEdit

(つつみ) (Tsutsumi

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC tei). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: tyey) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (duk je))

  1. Hanja form? of (dyke; embankment).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: chỉ, đê

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.