ChineseEdit

day; sky; heaven
 
earth; ground; field
earth; ground; field; place; land; (subor. part. adverbial); ‑ly
simp. and trad.
(天地)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (6) (7)
Final () (85) (15)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰen/ /diɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰen/ /diH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛn/ /djɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛn/ /diH/
Li
Rong
/tʰen/ /diH/
Wang
Li
/tʰien/ /diH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰien/ /dʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tiān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tiān xiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ then › ‹ xen › ‹ dijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˁi[n]/ /*l̥ˁi[n]/ (W dialect: l̥ˁ- > Hàn-time *xˁ- > MC x-) /*[l]ˁej-s/
English heaven heaven earth, ground

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 12387 14808
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰl'iːn/ /*l'els/

NounEdit

天地

  1. (literally) sky and ground; heaven and earth
  2. (figuratively) world; the vast earth; universe
  3. (figuratively, literary) two opposing things; contrasting items
  4. (figuratively) scope; field; area; realm; sphere; range
  5. (figuratively, now dialectal) situation; plight; predicament

SynonymsEdit

  • (heaven and earth): 乾坤 (qiánkūn)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (天地):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

天地(てんち) (tenchi

  1. Heaven and earth; and all things in them.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

天地 (cheonji) (hangeul 천지)

  1. Hanja form? of 천지 (heaven and earth).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

天地

  1. Hán tự form of thiên địa (heaven and earth).