Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 土心木 (GPD), four-corner 44112, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 224, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4890
  • Dae Jaweon: page 456, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 420, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5730

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'els): semantic  ‎(earth) + phonetic  ‎(OC *laːlʔ)

Etymology 1Edit

This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ti⁵¹/
Harbin /ti⁵³/
Tianjin /ti⁵³/
Jinan /ti²¹/
Qingdao /ti⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ti³¹²/
Xi'an /ti⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /ti¹³/
Lanzhou /ti¹³/
Ürümqi /ti²¹³/
Wuhan /ti³⁵/
Chengdu /ti¹³/
Guiyang /ti²¹³/
Kunming /ti²¹²/
Nanjing /ti⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ti⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ti³⁵/
Hohhot /ti⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /di²³/
Suzhou /di³¹/
Hangzhou /di¹³/
Wenzhou /dei²²/
Hui Shexian /tʰi²²/
Tunxi /tʰi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ti⁵⁵/
/ti¹¹/
Xiangtan /di²¹/
Gan Nanchang /tʰi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /tʰi⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʰi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tei²²/
Nanning /ti²²/
Hong Kong /tei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ti²²/
/te²²/ ~理
/tue²²/ 土~
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ti⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ti³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdi³⁵/
/ʔdi³³/
/ʔdi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/diɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/diH/
Shao
Rongfen
/djɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/diH/
Li
Rong
/diH/
Wang
Li
/diH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]ˤej-s/
English earth, ground

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14808
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'els/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. earth, ground
  2. land
  3. distance
  4. (only in compounds) farmland, field
  5. (only in compounds) place, location
  6. (only in compounds) status, situation
    •   ―  xīn  ―  mind
    • /   ―  jiàn  ―  perspective, opinion
  7. (only in compounds) Short for 地球 (dìqiú, “Earth”).

Etymology 2Edit

This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Particle indicating the word preceding it is used as an adverb.
      ―  hěn kuài de  ―  very quickly
Usage notesEdit
  • The use of this particle is always optional after polysyllabic adverbs.
    非常  ―  fēicháng duǎn  ―  very short
    非常  ―  fēicháng de duǎn  ―  very short
  • On the contrary, monosyllabic adverbs are compulsorily used with or without .
    漂亮  ―  hěn piàoliang  ―  very beautiful (where *很地漂亮 is unacceptable)
    不見 / 不见  ―  shūde bùjiàn  ―  to disappear suddenly (where *倏不見 is unacceptable)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("Cantonese plurality marker").
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. earth; ground

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(dijH). The goon reading, so likely the initial borrowing. Compare modern Mandarin .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ji, historical hiragana )

  1. earth, dirt
  2. fabric, cloth
    • 1906, Natsume Sōseki, Botchan:
      いくらか (うす) ()には相違 (そうい)なくっても (あつ)いには (きま)ってる。
      Ikura ka usui ji ni wa sōi nakutte mo atsui ni wa kimatteru.
      However thin the cloth, flannel is flannel and must have been pretty warm at that time of the year.
  3. (game of Go) territory

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(dijH). The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing. The devoicing of the initial consonant might indicate a dialectal source. Compare modern Hakka thi, Min Nan .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. earth, land, ground
  2. a place, a region, a piece of land
  3. territory, dominion
  4. (of a crate, etc.) the bottom

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji -chi)

  1. place, area

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
つち
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.[2][1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (more common for this reading)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana つち, romaji tsuchi)

  1. earth, dirt, mud, soil
  2. the ground
  3. the earth (as opposed to the heavens)
  4. the ground or bottom of something (as of a price range)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ji)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: chi)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: ttang, McCune-Reischauer: ttang, Yale: ttang)
  1. ( 지, ttang-): earth, land, ground
  2. (지위 지, jiwi-): status, rank

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(địa, rịa)

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