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ChineseEdit

pour; to deliberate to pour the alcoholic drink; to consider
simp. and trad.
(斟酌)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (23) (23)
Final () (139) (107)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪm/ /t͡ɕɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕim/ /t͡ɕiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjem/ /t͡ɕiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cim/ /cɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəm/ /t͡ɕiak̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭĕm/ /t͡ɕĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯əm/ /t͡ɕi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhēn zhuo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhēn zhuó
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyim › ‹ tsyak ›
Old
Chinese
/*t.[q][ə]m/ /*tewk/
English deliberate (v.) pour; deliberate (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11291 11189
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kljum/ /*pljewɢ/
Notes

VerbEdit

斟酌

  1. (literary, literally) to pour an insufficient or excessive amount of alcoholic beverage into a cup or glass
  2. (literary) to pour the alcoholic beverage into a cup or glass, etc.
  3. (literary) to drink alcohol
  4. (figuratively) to consider; to deliberate; to think about carefully
    自行斟酌 / 自行斟酌  ―  Qǐng nín zìxíng zhēnzhuó.  ―  Please think about this carefully by yourself.
  5. (figuratively, Min Nan) to discuss; to talk over
  6. (figuratively, Min Nan, including Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan) to be careful; to take care

SynonymsEdit

  • (to consider):

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
しん
Hyōgaiji
しゃく
Grade: S
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

斟酌 (hiragana しんしゃく, rōmaji shinshaku)

  1. consideration (for others); (making) allowance