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U+5549, 啉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5549

[U+5548]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+554A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口木木 (RDD), four-corner 6409, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 195, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3806
  • Dae Jaweon: page 416, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 637, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5549

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːmʔ
*ɡ·ruːmʔ
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm, *ɡ·rɯms
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯmʔ, *ɡ·rɯms
*slɯmʔ, *srɯms
*r̥ʰɯm, *srɯm
*r̥ʰɯm
*r̥ʰɯm
*krɯm, *krɯms
*krɯm
*krɯms, *ŋɡrɯmʔ
澿 *ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯmʔ, *ɡrɯms
*ɡrɯmʔ, *ɡrɯms
*ɡrɯms

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·ruːm): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *ɡ·rɯm).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠵂
dialectal
Teochew

Related to Thai ดื่ม (dʉ̀ʉm, to drink) (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lim - vernacular;
  • lâm - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ləm/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ləm/
Li
Rong
/lᴀm/
Wang
Li
/lɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8162
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·ruːm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to pour a round of alcoholic drink
  2. to finish drinking
  3. (Hakka, Min Nan) to drink
    抑是咖啡 [Taiwanese, trad. and simp.]
    Lí beh lim tê ia̍h-sī ka-pi? [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
    Do you want to drink tea or coffee?
  4. (Hokkien) to drink alcohol
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“to drink”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan , ,
Chengdu ,
Yangzhou ,
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou ,
Hong Kong ,
Taishan
Yangjiang ,
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian ,
Miaoli (N. Sixian) , ,
Liudui (S. Sixian) , ,
Hsinchu (Hailu) , ,
Dongshi (Dabu) , ,
Hsinchu (Raoping) , ,
Yunlin (Zhao'an) ,
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou ,
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen , ,
Quanzhou , ,
Zhangzhou ,
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan , , ,
Taichung
Hsinchu ,
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan , ,
Kinmen
Magong ,
Penang
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou ,
Wu Shanghai ,
Suzhou , ,
Wenzhou ,
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng ,
DescendantsEdit
  • English: lim

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to covet; to be avaricious; to be greedy”).
(This character, , is recorded in one or more historical dictionaries as a variant form of .)

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠵂

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ləm/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ləm/
Li
Rong
/lᴀm/
Wang
Li
/lɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8162
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·ruːm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to be clamorous; to be noisy

Etymology 4Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠵂

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. stupid

Etymology 5Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used in transcription, especially of chemical names.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ram) (hangeul , revised ram, McCune–Reischauer ram)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lăm, lằm, lầm, rắm, rầm, lảm, lâm, lẩm, lùm, rởm, trăm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.