U+6821, 校
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6821

[U+6820]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6822]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木卜金大 (DYCK), four-corner 40948, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 522, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14713
  • Dae Jaweon: page 910, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1205, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6821

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreːws, *ɡreːws): semantic (tree) + phonetic (OC *kreːw).

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 校 (學)
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕiau⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕiɑu⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiɔ²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕiau³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiau⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕiɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕiɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiau³⁵/
Chengdu /ɕiau¹³/
Guiyang /ɕiao²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /ɕiɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕiɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦiɔ²³/
Suzhou /ɦiæ³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦiɔ¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦuɔ²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiɔ³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕio³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiau⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɕiaɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /hɑu²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kau³¹/
Taoyuan /kɑu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hau²²/
Nanning /kau³³/
Hong Kong /hau²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hau²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑu²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xau⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hau³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiau³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣauH/
Wang
Li
/ɣauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiào
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
haau6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 6330
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡreːws/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. school; college; university
    /   ―  jūnxiào  ―  military school
  2. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (military) field officer

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit


Note:
  • kàu - literary;
  • kà - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 2kau - vernacular;
    • 2jiau - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠauH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚauH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kauH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kauH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kauH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kauH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiào
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gaau3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 6314
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kreːws/

    EtymologyEdit

    A derivative, with causative suffix -s, of (OC *kreːw). (Schuessler, 2007).

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. fetters; shackles
    2. railing; barracks
    3. (historical) horsekeeper official
    4. to examine; to check
    5. to proofread; to check; to compare
    6. (printing) proof
    7. to oppose; to resist
    8. to contest
    9. to bother about; to fuss about
    10. to decorate
    11. to calculate

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. school building

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC kˠauH).

    Historical readings

    PronunciationEdit

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [kjo(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 학교 (hakgyo gyo))

    1. Hanja form? of (school; educational establishment).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: hiệu, chò, giâu, giáo, hào

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.