Open main menu
See also: 𢌿 and
U+7540, 畀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7540

[U+753F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7541]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 102, +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田一中 (WML), four-corner 60221, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 759, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21748
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1169, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2530, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7540

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms colloquial Cantonese
colloquial Cantonese
colloquial Wu

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*piːds, *pids
*pʰiːds, *pʰrids
*pids
*pids
*pʰrids
*pʰrids
*blids
*bids

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-bəj-n/k (to give). Cognate with Tibetan སྦྱིན (sbyin, to give, to bestow) and Burmese ပေး (pe:, to give).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • bei3 - literary;
  • bei2 - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 2pi - literary;
    • 4peq - vernacular.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (15)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /piɪH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /piH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pjɪH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /piH/
    Li
    Rong
    /piH/
    Wang
    Li
    /piH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /piH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjijH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pi[t]-s/
    English give

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 606
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pids/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary or Cantonese, Wu) to give
      / [Cantonese]  ―  Bei2 saam1 zoeng1 zi2 ngo5. [Jyutping]  ―  Give me three sheets of paper.
    2. (Cantonese) to pay
      畀錢
      入場 / 入场 [Cantonese]  ―  bei2 jap6 coeng4 fai3 [Jyutping]  ―  to pay the entrance fee
    3. (Cantonese, Wu) to allow; to let
      老師我哋嗰時飲水 [Cantonese, trad.]
      老师我哋𠮶时饮水 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Lou5 si1 m4 bei2 ngo5 dei6 soeng5 gan2 tong4 go2 si4 jam2 seoi2. [Jyutping]
      The teacher doesn't let us drink water during class.
    4. (Cantonese, Wu) for
      原先 [Cantonese, trad.]
      原先 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Jyun4 sin1 hai6 bei2 nei5 sik6 ge3. [Jyutping]
      It was originally for you to eat.
      原來 [Wu, trad.]
      原来 [Wu, simp.]
      It was originally for you to eat.
    5. (Cantonese, Wu) to
      / [Cantonese]  ―  gong2 bei2 nei5 zi1 [Jyutping]  ―  to tell you
      / [Wu]  ―  to tell you
    6. (Cantonese, Wu) by
      [Cantonese]  ―  Ngo5 bei2 man1 ngaau5 aa3. [Jyutping]  ―  I got bitten by a mosquito.
      [Cantonese, trad.]
      [Cantonese, simp.]
      Ngo5 zek3 biu1 bei2 jan4 tau1 zo2. [Jyutping]
      My watch has been stolen (by someone).

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“to give”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan , 把得,
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou ,
    Hefei ,
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Chaozhou ,
    Shantou ,
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. to give

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): (hi)
    • Kun: あたえるもの (ataerumono)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (bi))

    1. to give

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings:

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.