See also: and
U+5BE7, 寧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BE7

[U+5BE6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BE8]
U+F95F, 寧
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F95F

[U+F95E]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F960]
U+F9AA, 寧
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9AA

[U+F9A9]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9AB]
U2f86f.svg
寧 U+2F86F, 寧
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F86F
寘
[U+2F86E]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 寳
[U+2F870]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 40, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十心月弓 (JPBN), four-corner 30201, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 291, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7296
  • Dae Jaweon: page 577, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 949, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5BE7

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Oracle bone script: Ideogrammic compound (會意): (house) + (food or wine vessel) + (table (?)) – contentment. The (“heart”) component was added in bronze inscriptions to yield , and the component was sometimes omitted to yield .

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *neːŋ): phonetic (OC *neːŋ) + semantic (speech (?)).

Note that the simplified form (zhù) is also a traditional character on its own.

EtymologyEdit

Either related to Burmese ညင်း (nyang:, soft, gentle, quiet) or connected to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s/k-niŋ (heart, mind, brain) (Schuessler, 2007)

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /niŋ³⁵/
Harbin /niŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /niŋ⁴⁵/ 安~
Jinan /ȵiŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /niŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /niŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /niŋ²⁴/
Xining /ȵiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /niŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nin²¹³/
Chengdu /nin³¹/
Guiyang /nin²¹/
Kunming /lĩ¹/
Nanjing /lin²⁴/
Hefei /lin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /niəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /nĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiŋ²³/
Suzhou /ȵin¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵin²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /niʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ȵin¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵin¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /nen¹¹/
Taoyuan /nen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /neŋ²¹/
Nanning /neŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /niŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /niŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /naiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /leŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /neŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (8)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/neŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/neŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/neŋ/
Wang
Li
/nieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
níng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ning4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
níng
Middle
Chinese
‹ neng ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁeŋ/
English peace

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9556
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*neːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. peaceful; tranquil; serene; at peace
    心緒 / 心绪  ―  xīnxù bù níng  ―  restless; uneasy
  2. (literary) to stabilise; to pacify
    息事 / 息事  ―  xīshìníngrén  ―  to end a dispute or conflict and calm the people down
  3. (obsolete) to mourn for one's deceased parent
  4. (literary, especially of married women) to visit one's parents
  5. Alternative name for 江寧江宁 (Jiāngníng, “old name for Nanjing”).
    分裂 / 分裂  ―  Níng Hàn fēnliè  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
  6. Alternative name for 寧夏宁夏 (Níngxià, “Ningxia”).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. rather; would rather
  2. could there be
  3. such; like this; so
  4. unexpectedly; in spite of everything
  5. modal particle

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. a surname
Usage notesEdit
  • Not to be confused with the surname (Nìng), which was previously also simplified to .

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. rather
  2. peaceful

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 편안할 (pyeonanhal nyeong), South Korea 편안할 (pyeonanhal yeong))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: ninh

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit