See also: π and
U+5140, 兀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5140

[U+513F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5141]
U+2E8E, ⺎
CJK RADICAL LAME ONE

[U+2E8D]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2E8F]
U+FA0C, 兀
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA0C

[U+FA0B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA0D]
Commons:Category
Commons:Category
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Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 10, +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一山 (MU), four-corner 10210, composition )

Derived characters

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Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 123, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1337
  • Dae Jaweon: page 257, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 264, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5140

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Etymology 1

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“to cut off the feet”
Perhaps Austroasiatic; compare Mon ကုတ် (kut, to cut off; to amputate) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter ngwot
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋuət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋuot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋwət̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋuət̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ngat6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˁut/
English amputate the feet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13198
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋuːd/

Definitions

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  1. towering
      ―    ―  lofty
  2. bald
    • 阿房 [Classical Chinese, trad. and simp.]
      From: 825, Du Mu, 阿房宮賦 "Rhapsody on the Epang Palace", translated by Campbell (2008).
      Shǔ shān , Ēpáng chū. [Pinyin]
      Only once the hills of Shu had been denuded of their trees, did Epang Palace begin to take shape.
  3. to cut off the feet
    [Classical Chinese]  ―  zhě [Pinyin]  ―  person that has had one of their feet cut
  4. unpeaceful
  5. a surname

Compounds

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Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. Only used in 兀禿兀秃.

Compounds

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Etymology 3

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Borrowed from Turkic, ultimately from Proto-Turkic *ol (Zhang and Zhang, 2007). Compare Old Turkic 𐰆𐰞 (ul¹), Turkish o (he, she, it; that), Uyghur ئۇ (u, he, she, it; that), Chuvash вӑл (văl, he, she, it) and Karakhanid اُلْ (ol, he, she, it; that). First recorded in the Song Dynasty:

前世阿睹」,」;「寧馨」,恁地 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
前世阿睹」,」;「宁馨」,恁地 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: Song Dynasty, 莊綽, 雞肋編
Qiánshì wèi “ādǔ”, yóu jīn yàn yún “de”; “níngxīn”, yóu “nèndì” yě; jiē bù zhǐ yī wù yī shì zhī cí. [Pinyin]
(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. (dialectal Mandarin, Jin) that [from 11th c.]
    [Jin]  ―  veh4 le [Wiktionary]  ―  over there
    Antonym:
  2. (archaic) Used before pronouns to form bisyllabic pronouns.
    [Written Vernacular Chinese]  ―  [Pinyin]  ―  that
    [Written Vernacular Chinese]  ―  shéi [Pinyin]  ―  who
Synonyms
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Compounds

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Etymology 4

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. (Northern Min) that
Synonyms
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Etymology 5

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Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. still; yet

Compounds

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Etymology 6

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“lame; crippled”).
(This character is a variant form of ).

References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. towering; high
  2. bald

Readings

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Korean

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Hanja

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(eum (ol))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: ngột, ngát, ngút

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.