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See also:
U+5140, 兀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5140

[U+513F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5141]
U+FA0C, 兀
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA0C

[U+FA0B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA0D]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 10, +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一山 (MU), four-corner 10210, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 123, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1337
  • Dae Jaweon: page 257, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 264, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5140

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
   




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hŋuːl, *hŋruːl, *hŋlulʔ
*hŋuːl
鼿 *hŋuːl, *ŋuːd
*hŋlulʔ
*ŋ̊ʰuːn
*ŋod, *ŋuːd
*ŋod, *ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋluːd

EtymologyEdit

“to cut off the feet”
Perhaps Austroasiatic; compare Mon ကုတ် (kut, to cut off; to amputate) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋuət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋuot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋwət̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋuət̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˁut/
English amputate the feet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13198
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋuːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary) towering
  2. (literary) bald
  3. (literary) still; yet
  4. to cut off the feet
  5. unpeaceful
  6. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) A meaningless participle.
  7. (dialectal Mandarin, Jin) that
  8. A surname​.
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“that”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , , ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) ,
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan , 𡃕
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen ,
Quanzhou ,
Zhangzhou ,
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Philippines (Manila) ,
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai ,
Wenzhou

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 兀禿兀秃.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. bald
  2. become bald

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ol) (hangeul , revised ol, McCune–Reischauer ol)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngột, ngát, ngút)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.