See also:
U+868A, 蚊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-868A

[U+8689]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+868B]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142, +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中戈卜大 (LIYK), four-corner 50140, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1077, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32849
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1546, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2840, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+868A

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯn): semantic  (insect) + phonetic  (OC *mɯn).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

From Proto-Mon-Khmer *muujs with a nominal suffix *-n (Schuessler, 2007). Compare Khmer មូស (muuh), Vietnamese muỗi.

PronunciationEdit


Note: man4 - literary, rare.
Note:
  • mun4* - standalone word;
  • mun4 - in compounds.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • muòng - vernacular (used in 風蚊);
    • ùng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • men1 - vernacular;
    • un2 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /uən³⁵/
    Harbin /uən²⁴/
    Tianjin /vən⁴⁵/
    Jinan /vẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /və̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /uən⁴²/
    Xi'an /vẽ²⁴/
    Xining /uə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /vəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /və̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /vɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /uən²¹³/
    Chengdu /uən³¹/
    Guiyang /uen²¹/
    Kunming /uə̃³¹/
    Nanjing /un²⁴/
    Hefei /uən⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /vəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /uŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /və̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /vəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /mən¹³/
    Hangzhou /ven²¹³/
    Wenzhou /vaŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /uʌ̃⁴⁴/
    /mʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /man⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /uən¹³/
    /mən³³/
    Xiangtan /uən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /un⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /mun⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /mun²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐn⁵⁵/
    Nanning /mɐn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /mɐn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bun³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /muoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /buŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /vun³¹/
    /maŋ²¹³/ 訓蠓

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (59)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨun/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miun/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mun/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuən/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wén
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wén
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjun ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.mə[r]/
    English mosquito

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13017
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯn/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. mosquito (Classifier: )
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms

    From (man4, “classifier for copper coins”).

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Cantonese) Classifier for money: yuan; dollar; buck
      / [Cantonese]  ―  loeng5 baak3 man4-1 [Jyutping]  ―  two hundred bucks
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. mosquito

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Possibly related to 噛む (kamu, to bite) or 痒い (kayui, itchy), although the ultimate derivation remains unknown.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    () (ka

    1. mosquito

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かあ
    Grade: S
    Irregular

    Cognate with (ka). Likely pronounced long due to being a single mora. Elongation of single mora words is still seen in the Ōsaka dialect with words like teː "hand" from te. The 794 quotation is the oldest extant example of a long vowel in Japanese.

    PronunciationEdit

    • (Irregular reading)

    NounEdit

    (かあ) (

    1. mosquito

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    • Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), →ISBN.
    • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1079) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 12: Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, published 1979, →ISBN.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (mun))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: văn, mân

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit