See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯn): semantic  ‎(insect) + phonetic  ‎(OC *mɯn)

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中戈卜大 (LIYK), four-corner 50140, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1077, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32849
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1546, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2840, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+868A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uən³⁵/
Harbin /uən²⁴/
Tianjin /vən⁴⁵/
Jinan /vẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /və̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /uən⁴²/
Xi'an /vẽ²⁴/
Xining /uə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /vəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /və̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /vɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /uən²¹³/
Chengdu /uən³¹/
Guiyang /uen²¹/
Kunming /uə̃³¹/
Nanjing /un²⁴/
Hefei /uən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /vəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /uŋ¹³/
Hohhot /və̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /vəŋ²³/
Suzhou /mən¹³/
Hangzhou /ven²¹³/
Wenzhou /vaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /uʌ̃⁴⁴/
/mʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /man⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /uən¹³/
/mən³³/
Xiangtan /uən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /un⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /mun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /mun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐn⁵⁵/
Nanning /mɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /mɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /muoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /buŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vun³¹/
/maŋ²¹³/ 訓蠓

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/miun/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mun/
Li
Rong
/miuən/
Wang
Li
/mĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wén
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.mə[r]/
English mosquito

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13017
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯn/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. mosquito
  2. (Cantonese) (< (wén)) dollar (Hong Kong or other); yuan
    / [Cantonese]  ―  loeng5 baak3 man1 [Jyutping]  ―  two hundred bucks

SynonymsEdit

  • (mosquito): (Min Nan) (báng)

CompoundsEdit

  • 蚊子 (wénzi, “mosquito”)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. mosquito

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Possibly related to 噛む ‎(kamu, to bite) or 痒い ‎(kayui, itchy), although the ultimate derivation remains unknown.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ka)

  1. mosquito

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かあ
Grade: S
Irregular

Cognate with ‎(ka). Likely pronounced long due to being a single mora. Elongation of single mora words is still seen in the Ōsaka dialect with words like teː "hand" from te. The 794 quotation is the oldest extant example of a long vowel in Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [ka̠ː]

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かあ, romaji )

  1. mosquito
    • 794, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (page 104)
      蚊蝄䖟蜺 [...] 上二字加安下二字阿牟
    • 1079, Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (page 3 (back))
      加阿

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(mun) (hangeul , revised mun, McCune-Reischauer mun, Yale mun)

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