See also: and
U+6C11, 民
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C11

[U+6C10]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C12]
U+2EA0, ⺠
CJK RADICAL CIVILIAN

[U+2E9F]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2EA1]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 83, +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口女心 (RVP), four-corner 77747, composition ⿸⿰𠄌𫠠)

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 598, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17028
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2131, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C11

Chinese

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simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Pictogram (象形) – an eye pierced by a dagger. This may be interpreted as (OC *mraːŋ, “blind”) or “slave < to enslave by blinding”.

Etymology

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From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-mi(j)-n (people, man, human being). Cognate with Tibetan མི (mi) and Dzongkha མི (mi).

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter mjin
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/min/
Shao
Rongfen
/mjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/min/
Li
Rong
/miĕn/
Wang
Li
/mĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mín
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
man4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mín
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjin ›
Old
Chinese
/*mi[ŋ]/
English people

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9130
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*min/

Definitions

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  1. people; citizens
      ―  guómín  ―  citizen
  2. folk; popular
      ―  mínyáo  ―  folk song
  3. member of an ethnic group
  4. person of a particular occupation
  5. civilian

Compounds

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (みん) (min)
  • Korean: 민(民) (min)
  • Vietnamese: dân ()

References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nation, peoples

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
たみ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
たみ
[noun] citizen
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
みん
Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC mjin).

Pronunciation

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Affix

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(みん) (minみん (min)?

  1. citizen

Suffix

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(みん) (-minみん (min)?

  1. (Internet slang, dated) regular of a certain social website or website section
    なんJ民(ジェイみん)nanjei-minone who frequents the 2channel NanJ board

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC mjin).

Historical readings

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 백성 (baekseong min))

  1. Hanja form? of (the people; the populace; the nation).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: dân, rân

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Noun

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  1. chữ Hán form of dân.