See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
民-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a pictogram of a woman with vagina emphasized: breasts on top (compare and ), vagina at cross on bottom (in previous forms often a dot instead): the source of people, hence “populace”.[1]

Han characterEdit

(radical 83 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口女心 (RVP), four-corner 77747)

  1. people, subjects, citizens

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ”, Richard Sears, Chinese Etymology
  • KangXi: page 598, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17028
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2131, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C11

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping man4, Yale man4)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 民意 (みんい, min'i)
  • 民間 (みんかん, minkan)
  • 民業 (みんぎょう, mingyō)
  • 民権 (みんけん, minken)
  • 民族主義 (みんぞくしゅぎ, minzokushugi)
  • 国民 (こくみん, kokumin)
  • 市民 (しみん, shimin)
  • 市民活動 (しみんかつどう, shiminkatsudō)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(min)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: min, McCune-Reischauer: min, Yale: min)
  • Name (hangeul): 백성 (revised: baekseong, McCune-Reischauer: paeksŏng, Yale: paykseng)
  1. (백성): the people, the populace, the nation

CompoundsEdit

  • 民家 (민가, min-ga)
  • 民間 (민간, mingan)
  • 民權 (민권, mingwon)
  • 民道 (민도, mindo)
  • 民亂 (민란, minran)
  • 民泊 (민박, minbag)
  • 民法 (민법, minbeob)
  • 民兵 (민병, minbyeong)
  • 民事 (민사, minsa)
  • 民生 (민생, minsaeng)
  • 民選 (민선, minseon)

Usage notesEdit

  1. ^ 民心, 天心. vox populi, vox dei. (The voice of the people is the voice of God.) The one may be a calque of the other, or vice versa.

MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin mín (min2), méng (meng2), Wade-Giles meng2, min2)

CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(min)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA bîn (bin5))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dân, rân)

NounEdit

  1. Hán form of dân
Last modified on 28 January 2014, at 17:18