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ChineseEdit

spider
simp. and trad.
(蜘蛛)
variant forms 鼅鼄 obsolete
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
蜘蛛

EtymologyEdit

Reduplication in Old Chinese (Baxter and Sagart, 1998).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (9) (9)
Final () (11) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈiᴇ/ /ʈɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiɛ/ /ʈio/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶjɛ/ /ȶio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈiə̆/ /ʈuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ȶie/ /ȶio/
Wang
Li
/ȶǐe/ /ȶĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶie̯/ /ȶi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zh- zhū
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī zhū
Middle
Chinese
‹ trje › ‹ trju ›
Old
Chinese
/*tre/ /*tro/
English *tre.tro spider *tre-tro spider

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11496 17564
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*te/ /*to/
Notes

NounEdit

蜘蛛

  1. spider

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 蜘蛛 (“spider”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 蜘蛛鼄蝥 QJ蠾蝓 ZW蝳蜍 NY社公 Q
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蜘蛛
Taxonomic name 蜘蛛
Mandarin Beijing 蛛蛛
Taiwan 蜘蛛
Harbin 蜘蛛兒蛛蛛兒
Shenyang 癩癩蛛
Hailar 蛛蛛
Ulan Hot 蛛蛛
Tongliao 蛛蛛
Chifeng 蛛蛛
Bayanhot 蛛蛛
Jinan 阿郎蛛子阿郎蛛蜘蛛
Muping 老老蛛賴賴蛛
Luoyang 蛛蛛
Jiedian 蛛蛛
Xi'an 蛛蛛
Zhengzhou 蛛蛛
Xining 蛛蛛
Xuzhou 羅蛛子羅羅蛛子
Yinchuan 蟢里蛛蛛
Lanzhou 蛛蛛
Ürümqi 蛛蛛
Wuhan 蜘蛛
Chengdu 蜘蛛蜇蛛
Guiyang 蝃蛛
Guilin 蜘蛛
Liuzhou 蜘蛛
Kunming 蜘蛛
Yangzhou 蜘蛛
Nanjing 蜘蛛
Hefei 蜘蛛
Nantong 蟢蟢蟢蟢兒
Cantonese Guangzhou 蜘蛛蠄蟧
Hong Kong 蠄蟧蜘蛛
Shunde 蠄蟧
Foshan 蜘蛛蠄蟧
Zhongshan 蠄蟧
Dongguan 蠄蟧
Hong Kong (Weitou) 蠄蟧
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 蠄蟧
Taishan 蠄蟧
Kaiping 蠄蟧
Shaoguan 蠄蟧
Yunfu 蠄蟧
Yangjiang 蠄蟧
Xinyi 蠄蟧
Lianjiang 蠄蟧
Nanning 蜘蛛蠄蟧
Wuzhou 蜘蛛蠄蟧
Kuala Lumpur 蜘蛛
Gan Nanchang 蝃蛛蝃蛛子
Lichuan 庖繅
Pingxiang 織蛛
Hakka Meixian 蝲䗁
Xingning 蝲䗁
Huidong 蝲䗁
Qujiang 蝲䗁
Xiaosanjiang 蝲䗁
Luchuan 蝲䗁
Changting 蝲䗁
Pingyu 蝲䗁
Wuping 蝲䗁
Liancheng 奇肖
Ninghua 奇肖子
Yudu 斜佬
Ruijin 斜佬
Shicheng 奇肖
Shangyou 蝲䗁
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蝲䗁蜘蛛
Liudui (S. Sixian) 蝲䗁蜘蛛
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蝲䗁蜘蛛
Dongshi (Dabu) 蜘蛛蝲䗁
Hsinchu (Raoping) 蝲䗁蜘蛛
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蜘蛛蝲䗁
Hong Kong 蝲䗁
Sabah 蝲䗁
Senai 蝲䗁
Singkawang 蜘蛛蝲䗁
Huizhou Jixi 蛛蛛
Shexian 蛛蛛
Tunxi 蛛蛛蜘蛛
Jin Taiyuan 蛛蛛
Pingyao 蛛蛛
Xinzhou 羅螞蛛蛛蟢蛛蛛
Baochang 狼螞蛛蛛
Jining 蜘蛛
Hohhot 羅螞蛛蛛
Baotou 蜘蛛
Dongsheng 蜘蛛
Linhe 羅螞蛛蛛
Haibowan 蜘蛛
Min Bei Jian'ou 吊蛛
Zhenqian 天蛛
Wuyishan 蜘蛛仔
Shibei 糴蛛仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 蜘蛛
Changle 馬兜爺
Fuqing 蜘蛛
Gutian 蟢囝
Ningde 蟢囝
Fuding 飛絲
Min Nan Xiamen 蜘蛛
Quanzhou 蜘蛛
Zhangzhou 蜘蛛
Taipei 蜘蛛
Kaohsiung 蜘蛛
Tainan 蜘蛛
Taichung 蜘蛛
Wuqi 蜘蛛
Hsinchu 蜘蛛
Taitung 蜘蛛
Lukang 蜘蛛
Yilan 蜘蛛
Kinmen 蜘蛛
Magong 經蛛蜘蛛
Penang 蜘蛛
Singapore 蜘蛛
Philippines (Manila) 蜘蛛
Chaozhou 蜘蛛
Shantou 蜘蛛
Haifeng 蜘蛛
Johor Bahru 蜘蛛
Wenchang 紅蜈
Haikou 龍牙古
Leizhou 𧑃蚜
Puxian Min Putian 八臘爺
Xianyou 八臘爺
Pinghua Nanning 爪揸蛛蛛
Guilin 飛絲
Wu Shanghai 蜘蛛結蛛
Suzhou 結蛛蜘蛛
Wuxi 蜘蛛
Hangzhou 結蛛蜘蛛
Wenzhou 絲網蜘蛛
Chongming 結蛛
Danyang 蜘蛛
Jinhua 八腳蟢蜘蛛
Ningbo 蛛蛛結蛛
Xiang Changsha 蜘蛛子蜘蛛
Loudi 蜘蛛子蜘蛛
Quanzhou 剝絲
Note QJ - between ancient Qin and Jin
ZW - in the vicinity of ancient Zhao and Wei
NY - between Northern Yan, Korea and Lieshui
Q - ancient Qi

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (蜘蛛):
  • Japanese:  () (ちゅう) (chichū);  () (しゅ) (chishu);  () (ちゅ) (chichu)
  • Korean: 지주 (蜘蛛, jiju)
  • Vietnamese: tri chu (蜘蛛)

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed in 759 CE.

Ultimate derivation unknown. Various theories exist, including:

  • From 籠もる (komoru, to hide inside something), from the way that spiders hide in their webs
  • From 組む (kumu, to bundle something together), from the way that spiders wrap up caught insects
  • From (kumo, cloud), from the way that spider webs may look vaguely like clouds

May ultimately be cognate with Korean 거미 (geomi, spider). The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 蜘蛛.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 (hiragana くも, katakana クモ, rōmaji kumo)

  1. spider
    • 芥川龍之介, 蜘蛛の糸
       () (しゃ) () (さま) () (ごく) (よう) () () (らん)になりながら、この (かん) () ()には () () (たす)けた (こと)があるのを () (おも) ()しになりました。
      O-shaka-sama wa jigoku no yōsu o goran ni narinagara, kono Kandata ni wa kumo o tasuketa koto ga aru no o o-omoidashi ni narimashita.
      While observing the state of Hell, Shakyamuni recalled that this Kandata had once spared a spider.
    • 1999 March 27, “蜘蛛クモおとこ [Werespider]”, in Vol.2, Konami:
       (きょ) (だい)クモ () ()をつけた姿 (すがた) (いと) () (うご)きを (ふう) ()める。
      Kyodai kumo ga chie o tsuketa sugata. Ito o haki ugoki o fūjikomeru.
      This giant spider appears to be quite intelligent. It will lock your every movement with its threads.
    • 1999 July 22, “ハンター・スパイダー [Hunter Spider]”, in Vol.4, Konami:
      クモ () (わな) () () ()りをする。 (わな)にかかったものは ()べてしまう。
      Kumo no su no wana o shikakekari o suru. Wana ni kakatta mono wa tabete shimau.
      It hunts by laying its spiderweb traps, and it eats whatever gets tangled in them.
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as クモ.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ちゅう
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 蜘蛛 (ʈiᴇ ʈɨo). Compare modern Hakka reading tî-tû, Min Dong tĭ-tṳ̆, Min Nan ti-tu. Probably borrowed at a different time or from a different dialect than chichu below.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 (hiragana ちちゅう, rōmaji chichū)

  1. spider
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ちゅ
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 蜘蛛 (ʈiᴇ ʈɨo). Compare modern Hakka reading tî-tû, Min Dong tĭ-tṳ̆, Min Nan ti-tu. Probably borrowed at a different time or from a different dialect than chichū above.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 (hiragana ちちゅ, rōmaji chichu)

  1. spider

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
しゅ
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 蜘蛛 (ʈiᴇ ʈɨo). This reading is the kan'yōyomi, and is thus a later phonetic shift after borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 (hiragana ちしゅ, rōmaji chishu)

  1. spider
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

蜘蛛 (jiju) (hangeul 지주)

  1. Hanja form? of 지주 (spider).

OkinawanEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 (hiragana くーばー, romaji kūbā)

  1. spider

Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 (hiragana こぶ, romaji kobu)

  1. spider

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

蜘蛛

  1. Hán tự form of tri chu, (“spider”).

YonaguniEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 (hiragana くぶ, romaji kubu)

  1. spider