蜘蛛

Contents

ChineseEdit

spider spider
simp. and trad.
(蜘蛛)
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (蜘蛛, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (9)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈiᴇ/ /ȶie̯/ /ȶie/ /ʈiɛ/ /ʈiə̆/ /ȶǐe/ /ȶjɛ/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (9)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨo/ /ȶi̯u/ /ȶio/ /ʈio/ /ʈuə̆/ /ȶĭu/ /ȶio/
Old Chinese pronunciation (蜘蛛, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhī ‹ trje › /*tre/ *tre.tro spider
zhū ‹ trju › /*tro/ *tre-tro spider

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11496 0 /*te/ 同鼅見太玄,說文作蟲上知於
17564 0 /*to/ 說文同鼄

NounEdit

蜘蛛

  1. spider

SynonymsEdit

  • 蛛蛛 (zhūzhu)
  • 蠋蝓 (zhúyú)
  • 社公 (shègōng)
  • (Cantonese) 蠄蟧 (Hong Kong: kam4 lou4, Guangzhou: kam4 lou4-2)
  • (Hakka) 蝲䗁 (là-khià)
  • (Hokkien) 蟧蜈 (lâ-giâ) (generally refers to long-legged spiders)

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (蜘蛛):

JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Compare Korean 거미 (geomi, “spider”).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 ‎(hiragana くも, katakana クモ, romaji kumo)

  1. spider
    • 芥川龍之介, 蜘蛛の糸
       () (しゃ) () (さま) () (ごく) (よう) () () (らん)になりながら、この (かん) () ()には蜘蛛 (クモ) (たす)けた (こと)があるのを () (おも) ()しになりました。
      O-shaka-sama wa jigoku no yōsu o goran ni narinagara, kono Kandata ni wa kumo o tasuketa koto ga aru no o o-omoidashi ni narimashita.
      While observing the state of Hell, Shakyamuni recalled that this Kandata had once spared a spider.
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as クモ.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ちゅう
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 ‎(hiragana ちちゅう, romaji chichū)

  1. spider
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ちゅ
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 ‎(hiragana ちちゅ, romaji chichu)

  1. spider

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
しゅ
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 ‎(hiragana ちしゅ, romaji chishu)

  1. spider
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

OkinawanEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 ‎(hiragana くーばー, romaji kūbā)

  1. a spider

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

蜘蛛 ‎(jiju) ‎(hangeul 지주)

  1. Hanja form? of 지주, “spider”.

SynonymsEdit


Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 ‎(kobu) ‎(hiragana こぶ)

  1. spider

YonaguniEdit

NounEdit

蜘蛛 ‎(kubu) ‎(hiragana くぶ)

  1. spider
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