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See also:
U+9582, 閂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9582

[U+9581]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9583]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 169, +1, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日弓一 (ANM), four-corner 77107, composition)

  1. bolt
  2. latch
  3. crossbar

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1330, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41211
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1834, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4282, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9582

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (gate) +  ― a crossbar ()* over a gate (); sealing it closed
*The character means one, but is only used as a form component here.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • soan - literary;
  • chhòaⁿ - vernacular (俗).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂuan⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂuan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /suan²¹/
Jinan /ʂuã²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂuã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂuan²⁴/
Xi'an /fã⁴⁴/
Xining /fã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂuan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /fɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂuan⁴⁴/
/fan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /suan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /suan¹³/
Guiyang /suan²¹³/
Kunming /ʂuã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂuaŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʂuæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /suæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /suɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /suæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /sø⁵³/
Suzhou /sø⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷõ³³/
Wenzhou /sø³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕye³¹/
Tunxi /suːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕyan³³/
Xiangtan /sɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /sɵn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰon⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰon²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /san⁵³/
Nanning /san⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /san⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /suan⁵⁵/
/sŋ̍⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuã²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /suaŋ³³/

Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11931
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
𣠯
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰroːn/
Notes 𣟴

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bolt; latch; crossbar
  2. to bolt; to latch
  3. (Cantonese, dialectal Hakka) to close; to switch off; to turn off

CompoundsEdit


ReferencesEdit

Dictionary of Chinese Character Variants (教育部異體字字典)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. gate bar

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
(kannuki) a wooden crossbar used as a latch
Kanji in this term
かんぬき
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

/kwan no ki//kwanːoki//kwanːuki//kanːuki/

Shift from 貫の木 (kan no ki, literally 1-kan (3.75-kilogram/8.267-pound) wood)[1][2] or 関の木 (kan no ki, literally wooden barrier), possibly influenced by (nuki, wooden beam used in joinery).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), borrowed from Chinese .

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かんぬき, rōmaji kannuki, historical hiragana くわんぬき)

  1. a heavy, usually wooden, crossbar used to lock across double doors or gates of an entrance to a building, similar to a latch
    Synonym: 貫木 (kangi)
  2. (sumo) a sumo grip in which one athlete wraps his arms around both of his opponent’s arms and squeezes them together to maneuver the opponent for a kimedashi or kimetaoshi, or to weaken the opponent’s grip on the mawashi; a type of armbar

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana かんぬき, rōmaji Kannuki, historical hiragana くわんぬき)

  1. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN