See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 169 +11, 19 strokes, cangjie input 日弓女戈廿 (ANVIT), four-corner 77772, composition𢇇)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1341, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41470
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1845, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4316, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+95DC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
𨶹
𢇅

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːn): semantic  ‎(door) + phonetic 𢇅 ‎(OC *ɡ·roːlʔ, *ɡ·roːnʔ) – to stop the door from opening with a wooden stick.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuan/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨn/
Li
Rong
/kuan/
Wang
Li
/kwan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guān guān guān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwæn › ‹ kwæn › ‹ kwæn ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤro[n]/ /*[k]ˤro[n]/ /*kˤro[n]/
English barrier 關關 kwæn.kwæn [bird’s cry] 間關 sound of a chariot"s linchpin (Ode 218.1)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8640
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to close, to shut
    Antonyms: (kāi)
    窗子 / 窗子  ―  guān chuāngzǐ  ―  close the window
  2. to lock up
    囚犯單人牢房 [MSC, trad.]
    囚犯单人牢房 [MSC, simp.]
    Nà qiúfàn bèi guān zài dānrén láofáng nèi. [Pinyin]
    The prisoner was locked in a cell.
  3. to turn off, to switch off
    電燈 / 电灯  ―  guān diàndēng  ―  to switch the light off
  4. to concern
    /   ―  Zhè bù guān wǒ de shì.  ―  It does not concern me.
  5. frontier pass
  6. relation (family/contacts)
  7. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. a pass, such as in a mountain range
  2. relation, relationship

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Not used in modern Japanese. Superseded by the shinjitai character .


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwan, wan) (hangeul , , revised gwan, wan, McCune-Reischauer kwan, wan, Yale kwan, wan)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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