U+95DC, 關
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-95DC

[U+95DB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+95DD]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 169 +11, 19 strokes, cangjie input 日弓女戈廿 (ANVIT), four-corner 77772, composition𢇇)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1341, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41470
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1845, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4316, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+95DC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
𨶹
𢇅

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·roːlʔ, *ɡ·roːnʔ
*kroːn
*kroːn
*ɡ·ron

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːn): semantic (door) + phonetic 𢇅(OC *ɡ·roːlʔ, *ɡ·roːnʔ) – to stop the door from opening with a wooden stick.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • guŏng - vernacular;
  • guăng - literary.
Note:
  • koaiⁿ/kuiⁿ/koaⁿ - vernacular;
  • koan - literary.
Note:
  • guên1 - vernacular;
  • guêng1 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuan/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨn/
Li
Rong
/kuan/
Wang
Li
/kwan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guān guān guān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwæn › ‹ kwæn › ‹ kwæn ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤro[n]/ /*[k]ˤro[n]/ /*kˤro[n]/
English barrier 關關 kwæn.kwæn [bird’s cry] 間關 sound of a chariot"s linchpin (Ode 218.1)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8640
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to close; to shut
    Antonyms: (kāi)
    窗子 / 窗子  ―  guān chuāngzi  ―  close the window
  2. to lock up; to detain
  3. to turn off; to switch off
    電燈 / 电灯  ―  guān diàndēng  ―  to switch the light off
  4. to concern; to implicate; to relate to
    /   ―  Zhè bù guān wǒ de shì.  ―  It does not concern me.
  5. frontier pass
  6. relation (family/contacts)
  7. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. a pass, such as in a mountain range
  2. relation, relationship

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Not used in modern Japanese. Superseded by the shinjitai character .


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwan, wan) (hangeul , , revised gwan, wan, McCune-Reischauer kwan, wan, Yale kwan, wan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.