See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰo, *kʰos): semantic  ‎(horse) + phonetic  ‎(OC *qoː, *kʰo).

Han characterEdit

(radical 187 +11, 21 strokes, cangjie input 尸火尸口口 (SFSRR), four-corner 71316, composition)

  1. spur a horse on
  2. expel, drive away

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1444, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44968
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1968, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4574, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9A45

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨo/ /kʰɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰio/ /kʰioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰio/ /kʰioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰuə̆/ /kʰuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/kʰio/ /kʰioH/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭu/ /kʰĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯u/ /kʰi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khju ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʰ(r)o/
English drive (horses) forward

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10606 10612
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰo/ /*kʰos/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to run quickly

VerbEdit

  1. to expel; to disperse
  2. to drive (a horse, a car); to urge on; to spur

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xúi, khu, )

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