Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋons): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɦŋoːn)

Han characterEdit

(radical 170 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓中十一山 (NLJMU), four-corner 73211, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1352, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41665
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1854, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4133, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9662

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yan⁵¹/
Harbin /yan⁵³/
Tianjin /yan⁵³/
Jinan /yã²¹/
Qingdao /yã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yan³¹²/
Xi'an /yã⁴⁴/
Xining /yã²⁴/
Yinchuan /yan¹³/
Lanzhou /yɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /yan²¹³/
Wuhan /yɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /uan¹³/
/yan¹³/
Guiyang /ian²¹³/
Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /yen⁴⁴/
Hefei /yĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ye⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ye̞³⁵/
Hohhot /ye⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyø¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiø³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦyõ¹³/
Wenzhou /jy²²/
Hui Shexian /ue²²/
Tunxi /yɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /yẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /yẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /yɵn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ian⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʒen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²²/
Nanning /yn³⁵/
Hong Kong /jyn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /uan²²/
/ĩ²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iɛŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋyiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ĩ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (33)
Final: (62)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: huán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦuɑn/ /ɦʷɑn/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɦwan/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɣuɑn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (35)
Final: (80)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yuàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦɣiuᴇnH/ /ɦʷɯiɛnH/ /ɣiuænH/ /ɦwianH/ /ɣjuɛnH/ /ɣĭwɛnH/ /i̯wɛnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuàn ‹ hjwenH › /*ɢʷra[n]-s/ wall round a courtyard

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16131 3 /*ɦŋoːn/
16144 3 /*ɦŋons/

NounEdit

  1. courtyard, yard, court
  2. public or government building
  3. institution

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana いん, romaji in)

  1. (historical) Ex-emperor, ex-empress or entitled as equal-to-emperor/empress in cloister (derived from "mansion"; the highly nobles are not addressed directly, but with their residence as substitution)

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana いん, romaji -in)

  1. temple
  2. institution

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(won) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer wŏn, Yale wen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(viện)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language