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See also:
U+6578, 數
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6578

[U+6577]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6579]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 66, +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 中女人大 (LVOK), four-corner 58440, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 475, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13363
  • Dae Jaweon: page 829, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1474, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6578

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·roː
*roː, *ro
*roː
*ɡ·roː, *ɡ·roːs, *ɡ·roʔ
*ɡ·roː, *ɡ·ro
*roː
*roː
*roː, *ro, *roʔ
*roː
*ɡ·roː
*roː, *ro
*roː
*roː, *roːʔ
*roː, *ro
*roː, *roːʔ, *roʔ
*roː, *ro, *roʔ
*roː, *ro
*roː, *roʔ
*roː
*roː, *roːʔ, *roʔ
*roːʔ, *roʔ
*roːʔ
*roːʔ
*roːʔ, *roʔ
*roːs, *ro
*roːs, *ro
*sloːʔ
*sloːʔ
*sloːʔ, *sroʔ
*ro
*roʔ
*ros
*sroʔ, *sros, *sroːɡ
*klos
*ɡloʔ
*ɡloʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sroʔ, *sros, *sroːɡ): phonetic  (OC *ɡ·roː, *ɡ·ro) + semantic .

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-tsjəj (to count); cognate to Tibetan རྩི (rtsi, to count; to calculate), Burmese ရေ (re, to count), Jingpho hti, Ersu htɛ⁵⁵ (STEDT).

Schuessler (2007) connects this word with Austroasiatic; compare Mon ရိုဟ် (rɜ̀h), from Middle Mon ruih (to count), from Proto-Mon-Khmer *rʔis (to count).

Pronunciation 2 is an exopassive derivation of pronunciation 1 with suffix *-s, meaning "what is counted" (ibid.).

Pronunciation 3 is another derivation of pronunciation 1, perhaps with distributive suffix *-k (ibid.).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • só - vernacular;
  • sū - literary, rare.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • siàu - vernacular (“to count”);
    • só͘/sò͘ - literary (“to be reckoned as; to criticise”).
    Note:
    • siao3 - Shantou;
    • siou3 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 數 (錢)
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂu˨˩˦/
    Harbin /ʂu˨˩˧/
    Tianjin /su˩˧/
    Jinan /ʂu˥˥/
    Qingdao /ʂu˥˥/
    Zhengzhou /ʂuo˥˧/
    Xi'an /fu˥˧/
    Xining /fv̩˥˧/
    Yinchuan /su˥˧/
    Lanzhou /fu˦˦˨/
    Ürümqi /ʂu˨˩˧/
    /fu˨˩˧/
    Wuhan /səu˦˨/
    Chengdu /su˥˧/
    Guiyang /su˦˨/
    Kunming /su˥˧/
    Nanjing /su˨˩˨/
    Hefei /sʊ˨˦/
    Jin Taiyuan /su˥˧/
    Pingyao /sz̩ʷ˥˧/
    Hohhot /su˥˧/
    Wu Shanghai /su˧˥/
    Suzhou /səu˥˩/
    Hangzhou /su˥˧/
    Wenzhou /sz̩˧˥/
    Hui Shexian /su˧˥/
    Tunxi /səu˧˩/
    Xiang Changsha /səu˦˩/
    Xiangtan /səɯ˦˨/
    Gan Nanchang /su˨˩˧/
    Hakka Meixian /su˧˩/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sou˧˥/
    Nanning /su˧˥/
    Hong Kong /sou˧˥/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sɔ˥˧/
    /siau˨˩/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sou˨˩˨/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su˧˧/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /siau˨˩˧/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tiau˧˥/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂuə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂi̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shǔ
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shǔ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ srjuX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-roʔ/
    English count (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 8506
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sroʔ/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to count; to enumerate
      銀仔 / 银仔 [Cantonese]  ―  sou2 ngan4-2 zai2 [Jyutping]  ―  to count coins
    2. to be reckoned as
      /   ―  shǔshǔ'èr  ―  to be reckoned as first or second; to be one of the best
    3. to criticize; to find fault; to blame
      /   ―  shǔluò  ―  to criticize, to scold
    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note: sù - Taiwan, only used in 數珠.
    Note:
    • sṳ - “account; fate”.
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • sò͘ - literary;
    • siàu - vernacular (“account”).
    Note:
    • siao3/siou3 - noun (siou3 - Chaozhou);
    • su3 - "several" and in 無數.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 數 (量)
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂu˥˩/
    Harbin /ʂu˥˧/
    Tianjin /su˥˧/
    Jinan /ʂu˨˩/
    Qingdao /ʂu˦˨/
    Zhengzhou /ʂuo˧˩˨/
    Xi'an /fu˦˦/
    Xining /fv̩˨˩˧/
    Yinchuan /su˩˧/
    Lanzhou /fu˩˧/
    Ürümqi /ʂu˨˩˧/
    /fu˨˩˧/
    Wuhan /səu˧˥/
    Chengdu /su˩˧/
    Guiyang /su˨˩˧/
    Kunming /su˨˩˨/
    Nanjing /su˦˦/
    Hefei /sʊ˥˧/
    Jin Taiyuan /su˦˥/
    Pingyao /sz̩ʷ˧˥/
    Hohhot /su˥˥/
    Wu Shanghai /su˧˥/
    Suzhou /səu˥˩˧/
    Hangzhou /su˦˦˥/
    Wenzhou /sɤu˦˨/
    Hui Shexian /su˧˨˦/
    Tunxi /səu˦˨/
    Xiang Changsha /səu˥˥/
    Xiangtan /səɯ˥˥/
    Gan Nanchang /su˦˥/
    Hakka Meixian /su˥˧/
    Taoyuan /su˥˥/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sou˧˧/
    Nanning /su˧˧/
    Hong Kong /sou˧˧/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sɔ˨˩/
    /siau˨˩/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sou˨˩˨/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su˧˧/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /siau˨˩˧/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /to˧˥/
    /tiau˧˥/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃɨoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃioH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃioH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂuə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃioH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃĭuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂi̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shù
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shù
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ srjuH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-roʔ-s/
    English number (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 8508
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sros/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. number; figure; amount (Classifier: )
      /   ―  rénshù  ―  population
    2. (mathematics) number
      /   ―  zhěngshù  ―  integer
    3. (grammar) number
      /   ―  dānshù  ―  singular
    4. several; few
      /   ―  shù bǎi rén  ―  several hundred people
    5. mathematics; reckoning (one of the Six Arts)
    6. Short for 數學数学 (shùxué, “mathematics”).
      / [Cantonese]  ―  zung1 jing1 sou3 [Jyutping]  ―  Chinese, English and mathematics
    7. divination
    8. skill
    9. law; rule; regular pattern
    10. legal system
    11. fate; destiny
      /   ―  shù  ―  fate
    12. (Cantonese, Hakka, Min Nan) account
      簿 / 簿 [Cantonese]  ―  sou3 bou6-2 [Jyutping]  ―  account book
    13. (Cantonese) sum of money (Classifier: c)
    14. (Cantonese) mathematical problem (Classifier: c)
    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (10)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠʌk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚɔk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃɔk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂaɨwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃɔk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃɔk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂɔk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shuo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shuò
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sræwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-rok/
    English frequently

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 8512
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sroːɡ/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. frequently; repeatedly
      見不鮮 / 见不鲜  ―  shuòjiàn bùxiān  ―  a common occurrence
    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. fine and closely woven
      /   ―    ―  closely woven net

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. count
    2. number

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (su, sak) (hangeul , , revised su, sak, McCune–Reischauer su, sak, Yale swu, sak)

    1. number

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (số, sộ, sỗ, sổ, xọ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.