TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from (), from Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(field) – to stay to tend the field.

Han characterEdit

(radical 102 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹田 (HHW), four-corner 77602)

  1. stop, halt
  2. stay
  3. detain, keep

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese:

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 761, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21808
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1171, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2537, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7559

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (留), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 力求切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨu/ /li̯ə̯u/ /liu/ /liu/ /luw/ /lĭəu/ /liəu/
Character (留), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 力救切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨuH/ /li̯ə̯uH/ /liuH/ /liuH/ /luwH/ /lĭəuH/ /liəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
liú ‹ ljuw › /*C.ru/ stay, remain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8882 1 /*m·ru/ 說文丣聲誤,金文實卯聲
8905 1 /*m·rus/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ryu, yu) (hangeul , , revised ryu, yu, McCune-Reischauer ryu, yu, Yale lyu, yu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lưu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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