See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from (), from Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *m·ru, *m·rus): phonetic  ‎(OC *luʔ) + semantic  ‎(field) – to stay to tend the field.

Han characterEdit

(radical 102 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹田 (HHW), four-corner 77602)

  1. stop, halt
  2. stay
  3. detain, keep

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 761, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21808
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1171, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2537, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7559

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (37)
Final: (136)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: liú
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɨu/ /liu/ /liəu/ /luw/ /liu/ /lĭəu/ /li̯ə̯u/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (37)
Final: (136)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: liù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɨuH/ /liuH/ /liəuH/ /luwH/ /liuH/ /lĭəuH/ /li̯ə̯uH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
liú ‹ ljuw › /*C.ru/ stay, remain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8882 1 /*m·ru/
8905 1 /*m·rus/

VerbEdit

  1. stay; keep; stay; retain; maintain

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ryu, yu) (hangeul , , revised ryu, yu, McCune-Reischauer ryu, yu, Yale lyu, yu)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lưu)

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