See also: -este, Este, éste, ėste, ešte, esté, and -ește

EnglishEdit

NounEdit

este (usually uncountable, plural estes)

  1. Alternative form of est

AnagramsEdit


AragoneseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin iste (that). Cognate to Spanish este (this)

DeterminerEdit

este

  1. this

AsturianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French est, from Old English ēast, from Proto-Germanic *austrą (east), from Proto-Indo-European *aus- (eastern)

NounEdit

este m (plural estes)

  1. east

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Latin iste. Cf. Spanish este.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

este (feminine esta, masculine plural estos, feminine plural estes)

  1. this

Related termsEdit

PronounEdit

este (feminine esta, masculine plural estos, feminine plural estes)

  1. this (one), (in the plural) these (ones)

See alsoEdit


CreekEdit

NounEdit

este

  1. person

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the verb estää.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈesteˣ/, [ˈe̞s̠t̪e̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -este
  • Syllabification: es‧te

NounEdit

este

  1. obstacle, barrier, hindrance, obstruction, impediment
    avioliiton esteimpediment to marriage
  2. excuse
    pätevä estevalid excuse
  3. (athletics) hurdle

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of este (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative este esteet
genitive esteen esteiden
esteitten
partitive estettä esteitä
illative esteeseen esteisiin
esteihin
singular plural
nominative este esteet
accusative nom. este esteet
gen. esteen
genitive esteen esteiden
esteitten
partitive estettä esteitä
inessive esteessä esteissä
elative esteestä esteistä
illative esteeseen esteisiin
esteihin
adessive esteellä esteillä
ablative esteeltä esteiltä
allative esteelle esteille
essive esteenä esteinä
translative esteeksi esteiksi
instructive estein
abessive esteettä esteittä
comitative esteineen
Possessive forms of este (type hame)
possessor singular plural
1st person esteeni esteemme
2nd person esteesi esteenne
3rd person esteensä

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

este

  1. feminine singular of est

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese este, from Latin iste.

DeterminerEdit

este m (feminine singular esta, masculine plural estes, feminine plural estas)

  1. this

HungarianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

The adverb sense is from the former est (evening) +‎ -vel (with) (a derivation similar to reggel or tavasszal). First the final -l wore off and the adverb estve (in the evening) was used for a long time. Today it is still in use in dialects. Later the -v fell out. The noun sense became independent from the compound word napeste (the fall of the sun). The noun est is from the es- stem of the verb esik (to fall) +‎ -t (noun-forming suffix). The es- stem is from Proto-Uralic *ećɜ- (to fall).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ ˈɛʃtɛ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: es‧te
  • Rhymes: -tɛ

AdverbEdit

este (not comparable)

  1. in the evening (from approximately 6 p.m. until going to bed; depends on working hours, daylight length, etc.)

NounEdit

este (plural esték)

  1. evening
    Synonym: est

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative este esték
accusative estét estéket
dative estének estéknek
instrumental estével estékkel
causal-final estéért estékért
translative estévé estékké
terminative estéig estékig
essive-formal esteként estékként
essive-modal
inessive estében estékben
superessive estén estéken
adessive esténél estéknél
illative estébe estékbe
sublative estére estékre
allative estéhez estékhez
elative estéből estékből
delative estéről estékről
ablative estétől estéktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
estéé estéké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
estééi estékéi
Possessive forms of este
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. estém estéim
2nd person sing. estéd estéid
3rd person sing. estéje estéi
1st person plural esténk estéink
2nd person plural estétek estéitek
3rd person plural estéjük estéik

Derived termsEdit

Compound words
Expressions

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ est in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • Lua error in Module:R:ErtSz/homonyms at line 10: bad argument #1 to 'insert' (table expected, got string) in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

KarelianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Compare Finnish este.

NounEdit

este (genitive estien, partitive estettu)

  1. obstacle

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Form of the verb edō (I eat).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ēste

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of edō

Etymology 2Edit

Form of the verb sum (I am).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

este

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of sum

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English ēst, in turn from Proto-Germanic *anstiz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

este (plural estes or esten)

  1. grace, est, favour
  2. pleasure, enjoyment, fun
  3. delicacy, delicious food

DescendantsEdit

  • English: est, este (obsolete)

ReferencesEdit

AdjectiveEdit

este

  1. good, pleasant

ReferencesEdit


MirandeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin iste.

PronounEdit

este m (feminine esta, masculine plural estes, feminine plural estas)

  1. this

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Mirandese demonstratives (edit)
Pronouns Adverbs
Singular Plural Neuter
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Proximal X este, aqueste esta, aquesta estes, aquestes estas, aquestas isto, aquisto eiqui, acá
de + X deste, daqueste desta, daquesta destes, daquestes destas, daquestas disto, daquisto deiqui
an + X neste, naqueste nesta, naquesta nestes, naquestes nestas, naquestas nisto, naquisto
Medial X esse, aquesse essa, aquessa esses, aquesses essas, aquessas isso, aquisso alhi, eilhi
de + X desse, daquesse dessa, daquessa desses, daquesses dessas, daquessas disso, daquisso dalhi, deilhi
an + X nesse, naquesse nessa, naquessa nesses, naquesses nessas, naquessas nisso, naquisso
Distal X aquel aqueilha aqueilhes aqueilhas aqueilho, aquilho alhi, alhá
de + X daquel daqueilha daqueilhes daqueilhas daqueilho, daquilho dalhi, dalhá
an + X naquel naqueilha naqueilhes naqueilhas naqueilho, naquilho

PortugueseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from French est, from Old English ēast, from Proto-Germanic *austrą (east), from Proto-Indo-European *aus- (eastern).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

este m (uncountable)

  1. east (one of the four principal compass points)
QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:este.

SynonymsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit
  • (compass points) ponto cardeal;
norte
oeste/poente/ocidente   leste/este/nascente/oriente
sul


AdjectiveEdit

este m or f (plural estes, comparable)

  1. eastern (of, situated in, or coming from the east)
QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:este.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Portuguese este (displacing collateral form aqueste), from Latin iste.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

este m (feminine esta, plural estes, feminine plural estas)

  1. this (indicates something or someone nearby)
  2. that (indicates something or someone just mentioned)
  3. this (indicates something or someone about to be mentioned)
  4. (of a unit of time) this (which is current)


PronounEdit

'este m (feminine esta neuter isto, plural estes, feminine plural estas)

(definite demonstrative pronoun)

  1. this one (indicates something or someone nearby)
  2. this one (indicates something or someone about to be mentioned)
  3. (of a unit of time) this (which is current)
QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:este.

See alsoEdit
Portuguese demonstratives (edit)
Pronouns Adverbs
Singular Plural Neuter
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Proximal X este esta estes estas isto aqui,
de + X deste desta destes destas disto daqui
em + X neste nesta nestes nestas nisto
Medial X esse essa esses essas isso
de + X desse dessa desses dessas disso daí
em + X nesse nessa nesses nessas nisso
Distal X aquele aquela aqueles aquelas aquilo ali,
de + X daquele daquela daqueles daquelas daquilo dali
em + X naquele naquela naqueles naquelas naquilo
a + X àquele àquela àqueles àquelas àquilo
Anaphoric X o a os as
de + X do da dos das
em + X no na nos nas
a + X ao à aos às

RomanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • есте (Post-1930s (Moldavian) Cyrillic spelling)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin est, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

este

  1. third-person singular present indicative of fi: he/she is
    Ea este o femeie foarte frumoasă.
    She is a very beautiful woman.

SynonymsEdit


SpanishEdit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin iste.

AdjectiveEdit

este (feminine singular esta, masculine plural estos, feminine plural estas)

  1. this

PronounEdit

este m (demonstrative, feminine esta, neuter esto, feminine plural estas, masculine plural estos, neuter plural estos)

  1. Alternative spelling of éste
Usage notesEdit
  • The unaccented form can function as a pronoun if it can be unambiguously deduced as such from context.
Derived termsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit
See alsoEdit

InterjectionEdit

este

  1. uh, well (space filler in a conversation)

Etymology 2Edit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Borrowed from French est, from Old English ēast, from Proto-Germanic *austrą (east), from Proto-Indo-European *aus- (eastern), therefore related to English east and Spanish Austria.

NounEdit

este m (uncountable)

  1. east
    Synonym: oriente
    Antonyms: oeste, occidente
Coordinate termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


TagalogEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Spanish est ("east")

NounEdit

este

  1. east

Etymology 2Edit

InterjectionEdit

este

  1. uh, um, I mean
    Pupunta ako sa panaderya, este, restawran.
    I am going to the bakery, I mean, the restaurant.

ZazakiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Related to Sanskrit अस्थि (asthi) (asthi)

NounEdit

este ?

  1. bone