See also: -este, Este, éste, ėste, ešte, esté, and -ește

English edit

Noun edit

este (usually uncountable, plural estes)

  1. Alternative form of est

Anagrams edit

Aragonese edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin iste (that). Cognate to Spanish este (this).

Determiner edit

este

  1. this

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French est, from Old English ēast, from Proto-Germanic *austrą (east), from Proto-Indo-European *aus- (eastern).

Noun edit

este m (plural estes)

  1. east

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Latin iste. Cf. Spanish este.

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

este (feminine esta, masculine and feminine plural estos)

  1. (Valencia) this

Related terms edit

Pronoun edit

este (feminine esta, masculine and feminine plural estos)

  1. (Valencia) this (one), (in the plural) these (ones)

See also edit

Corsican edit

 
L'este.

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French est. Cognates include Italian est and Spanish este.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛste/
  • Hyphenation: es‧te

Noun edit

este m (uncountable)

  1. east

References edit

  • este, est” in INFCOR: Banca di dati di a lingua corsa

Creek edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /is.ti/, [ɪs.t̪ɪ]

Noun edit

este (plural estvlke)

  1. person

Elfdalian edit

Noun edit

este

  1. indefinite dative singular of est

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

estää +‎ -e

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈesteˣ/, [ˈe̞s̠te̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -este
  • Syllabification(key): es‧te

Noun edit

este

  1. obstacle, barrier, hindrance, obstruction, impediment
    avioliiton esteimpediment to marriage
  2. excuse
    pätevä estevalid excuse
  3. (athletics) hurdle

Declension edit

Inflection of este (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative este esteet
genitive esteen esteiden
esteitten
partitive estettä esteitä
illative esteeseen esteisiin
esteihin
singular plural
nominative este esteet
accusative nom. este esteet
gen. esteen
genitive esteen esteiden
esteitten
partitive estettä esteitä
inessive esteessä esteissä
elative esteestä esteistä
illative esteeseen esteisiin
esteihin
adessive esteellä esteillä
ablative esteeltä esteiltä
allative esteelle esteille
essive esteenä esteinä
translative esteeksi esteiksi
abessive esteettä esteittä
instructive estein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of este (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative esteeni esteeni
accusative nom. esteeni esteeni
gen. esteeni
genitive esteeni esteideni
esteitteni
partitive estettäni esteitäni
inessive esteessäni esteissäni
elative esteestäni esteistäni
illative esteeseeni esteisiini
esteihini
adessive esteelläni esteilläni
ablative esteeltäni esteiltäni
allative esteelleni esteilleni
essive esteenäni esteinäni
translative esteekseni esteikseni
abessive esteettäni esteittäni
instructive
comitative esteineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative esteesi esteesi
accusative nom. esteesi esteesi
gen. esteesi
genitive esteesi esteidesi
esteittesi
partitive estettäsi esteitäsi
inessive esteessäsi esteissäsi
elative esteestäsi esteistäsi
illative esteeseesi esteisiisi
esteihisi
adessive esteelläsi esteilläsi
ablative esteeltäsi esteiltäsi
allative esteellesi esteillesi
essive esteenäsi esteinäsi
translative esteeksesi esteiksesi
abessive esteettäsi esteittäsi
instructive
comitative esteinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative esteemme esteemme
accusative nom. esteemme esteemme
gen. esteemme
genitive esteemme esteidemme
esteittemme
partitive estettämme esteitämme
inessive esteessämme esteissämme
elative esteestämme esteistämme
illative esteeseemme esteisiimme
esteihimme
adessive esteellämme esteillämme
ablative esteeltämme esteiltämme
allative esteellemme esteillemme
essive esteenämme esteinämme
translative esteeksemme esteiksemme
abessive esteettämme esteittämme
instructive
comitative esteinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative esteenne esteenne
accusative nom. esteenne esteenne
gen. esteenne
genitive esteenne esteidenne
esteittenne
partitive estettänne esteitänne
inessive esteessänne esteissänne
elative esteestänne esteistänne
illative esteeseenne esteisiinne
esteihinne
adessive esteellänne esteillänne
ablative esteeltänne esteiltänne
allative esteellenne esteillenne
essive esteenänne esteinänne
translative esteeksenne esteiksenne
abessive esteettänne esteittänne
instructive
comitative esteinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative esteensä esteensä
accusative nom. esteensä esteensä
gen. esteensä
genitive esteensä esteidensä
esteittensä
partitive estettään
estettänsä
esteitään
esteitänsä
inessive esteessään
esteessänsä
esteissään
esteissänsä
elative esteestään
esteestänsä
esteistään
esteistänsä
illative esteeseensä esteisiinsä
esteihinsä
adessive esteellään
esteellänsä
esteillään
esteillänsä
ablative esteeltään
esteeltänsä
esteiltään
esteiltänsä
allative esteelleen
esteellensä
esteilleen
esteillensä
essive esteenään
esteenänsä
esteinään
esteinänsä
translative esteekseen
esteeksensä
esteikseen
esteiksensä
abessive esteettään
esteettänsä
esteittään
esteittänsä
instructive
comitative esteineen
esteinensä

Derived terms edit

Compounds edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Galician edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese este, from Latin iste.

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

este m (feminine singular esta, masculine plural estes, feminine plural estas, neuter isto)

  1. this
    Este libro é meuThis book is mine

References edit

  • este” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • este” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • este” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Further reading edit

Hungarian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

The adverb sense is from the former est (evening) +‎ -vel (with) (a derivation similar to reggel or tavasszal). First the final -l wore off and the adverb estve (in the evening) was used for a long time[1] (still in use today in dialects), later the -v was dropped. The noun sense became independent from the compound word napeste (the fall of the sun). The noun est is from the es- stem of the verb esik (to fall) +‎ -t (noun-forming suffix). The es- stem is from Proto-Uralic *ećɜ- (to fall).[2][3]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛʃtɛ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: es‧te
  • Rhymes: -tɛ

Adverb edit

este (not comparable)

  1. in the evening (from approximately 6 p.m. until going to bed; depends on working hours, daylight length, etc.)

Usage notes edit

Adverbs of temporal nouns     (see also: Appendix:Hungarian words of time)
no suffix (the noun
can act as an adverb
)
nappal (daytime), reggel (early morning), délelőtt (late morning), délután (afternoon), este (evening), éjjel / éjszaka (night), and vasárnap (Sunday)
-kor (at) pirkadat / virradat (dawn), napkelte (sunrise), napnyugta (sunset), alkonyat (dusk), szürkület (twilight), éjfél (midnight), hours and minutes, and the names of holidays (húsvét (Easter) etc.)
-ban/-ben (in) dél (noon), hajnal (daybreak), names of months (januárdecember) and hónap (month), évszak (season), év (year) and specific years, évtized (decade) and longer periods
-n/-on/-en/-ön (on) days of the week (hétfőszombat) except Sunday, days of the month (elseje (1st), másodika (2nd) etc.), nap (day), hét (week), nyár (summer), and tél (winter)
-val/-vel (with, assimilated: -szal/-szel) tavasz (spring), ősz (autumn, fall)

Noun edit

este (plural esték)

  1. evening
    Synonym: (currently used in a narrower sense) est

Declension edit

For the terminative, estig is the most common form.

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative este esték
accusative estét estéket
dative estének estéknek
instrumental estével estékkel
causal-final estéért estékért
translative estévé estékké
terminative estéig estékig
essive-formal esteként estékként
essive-modal
inessive estében estékben
superessive estén estéken
adessive esténél estéknél
illative estébe estékbe
sublative estére estékre
allative estéhez estékhez
elative estéből estékből
delative estéről estékről
ablative estétől estéktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
estéé estéké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
estééi estékéi
Possessive forms of este
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. estém estéim
2nd person sing. estéd estéid
3rd person sing. estéje estéi
1st person plural esténk estéink
2nd person plural estétek estéitek
3rd person plural estéjük estéik

Derived terms edit

Compound words
Expressions

Noun edit

este

  1. the fall (of someone or something)
    Synonyms: esése, dőlése
  2. (poetic) the downfall (of someone or something)

Declension edit

It most commonly occurs today in the form estében (as he/she/it falls/fell).

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative este
accusative estét
dative estének
instrumental estével
causal-final estéért
translative estévé
terminative estéig
essive-formal esteként
essive-modal
inessive estében
superessive estén
adessive esténél
illative estébe
sublative estére
allative estéhez
elative estéből
delative estéről
ablative estétől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
estéé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
estééi
Possessive forms of este
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. estem
2nd person sing. ested
3rd person sing. este
1st person plural estünk
2nd person plural estetek
3rd person plural estük

References edit

  1. ^ Compare Az estve (’The Evening’) by Mihály Csokonai (1794), with English translation
  2. ^ este in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  3. ^ est in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

Further reading edit

  • (evening): este in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • ([down]fall [of something]): este in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • este in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Karelian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Compare Finnish este.

Noun edit

este (genitive estien, partitive estettu)

  1. obstacle

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

Form of the verb edō (I eat).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ēste

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of edō

Etymology 2 edit

Form of the verb sum (I am).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

este

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of sum

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English ēst, from Proto-West Germanic *ansti, from Proto-Germanic *anstiz.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛːst(ə)/, /ˈeːst(ə)/

Noun edit

este (plural estes or esten)

  1. grace, est, favour
  2. pleasure, enjoyment, fun
  3. delicacy, delicious food
Descendants edit
  • English: est, este (obsolete)
References edit

Adjective edit

este

  1. good, pleasant
References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

este

  1. Alternative form of heste (directive)

Mirandese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin iste.

Pronoun edit

este m (feminine esta, masculine plural estes, feminine plural estas)

  1. this

Synonyms edit

See also edit

Mirandese demonstratives (edit)
Pronouns Adverbs
Singular Plural Neuter
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Proximal X este, aqueste esta, aquesta estes, aquestes estas, aquestas isto, aquisto eiqui, acá
de + X deste, daqueste desta, daquesta destes, daquestes destas, daquestas disto, daquisto deiqui
an + X neste, naqueste nesta, naquesta nestes, naquestes nestas, naquestas nisto, naquisto
Medial X esse, aquesse essa, aquessa esses, aquesses essas, aquessas isso, aquisso alhi, eilhi
de + X desse, daquesse dessa, daquessa desses, daquesses dessas, daquessas disso, daquisso dalhi, deilhi
an + X nesse, naquesse nessa, naquessa nesses, naquesses nessas, naquessas nisso, naquisso
Distal X aquel aqueilha aqueilhes aqueilhas aqueilho, aquilho alhi, alhá
de + X daquel daqueilha daqueilhes daqueilhas daqueilho, daquilho dalhi, dalhá
an + X naquel naqueilha naqueilhes naqueilhas naqueilho, naquilho

Portuguese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from French est,[1][2] from Old English ēast, from Proto-Germanic *austrą (east), from Proto-Indo-European *aus- (eastern).

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: es‧te

Noun edit

este m (uncountable)

  1. east (one of the four principal compass points)
    Synonyms: leste, nascente, oriente
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:este.

Coordinate terms edit
noroeste norte nordeste
oeste
poente
ocidente
  leste
este
nascente
oriente
sudoeste sul sudeste


Adjective edit

este m or f (plural estes)

  1. eastern (of, situated in, or coming from the east)
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:este.

Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese este (displacing collateral form aqueste), from Latin iste.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

 

  • (Northeast Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈeʃ.tɪ/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: es‧te

Determiner edit

este (feminine esta, masculine plural estes, feminine plural estas)

  1. this (indicates something or someone nearby)
  2. that (indicates something or someone just mentioned)
  3. this (indicates something or someone about to be mentioned)
  4. (of a unit of time) this (which is current)

Pronoun edit

este (feminine esta, masculine plural estes, feminine plural estas, neuter isto) (definite demonstrative pronoun)

  1. this one (indicates something or someone nearby)
  2. this one (indicates something or someone about to be mentioned)
  3. (of a unit of time) this (which is current)
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:este.

See also edit
Portuguese demonstratives (edit)
Pronouns Adverbs
Singular Plural Neuter
Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
Proximal X este esta estes estas isto aqui,
de + X deste desta destes destas disto daqui
em + X neste nesta nestes nestas nisto
Medial X esse essa esses essas isso
de + X desse dessa desses dessas disso daí
em + X nesse nessa nesses nessas nisso
Distal X aquele aquela aqueles aquelas aquilo ali, , acolá
de + X daquele daquela daqueles daquelas daquilo dali
em + X naquele naquela naqueles naquelas naquilo
a + X àquele àquela àqueles àquelas àquilo
Anaphoric X o a os as
de + X do da dos das
em + X no na nos nas
a + X ao à aos às

References edit

Romanian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • есте (Post-1930s (Moldavian) Cyrillic spelling)

Etymology edit

From Latin est with an epenthetic vowel, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti. Its similarity to Serbo-Croatian jeste is partially a coincidence.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

este

  1. third-person singular present indicative of fi: he/she is
    Ea este o femeie foarte frumoasă.
    She is a very beautiful woman.

Synonyms edit

Spanish edit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeste/ [ˈes.t̪e]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -este
  • Syllabification: es‧te

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin iste.

Determiner edit

este m sg (feminine esta, masculine plural estos, feminine plural estas)

  1. this

Pronoun edit

este m sg (demonstrative, feminine esta, neuter esto, feminine plural estas, masculine plural estos, neuter plural estos)

  1. Alternative spelling of éste
Usage notes edit
  • The unaccented form can function as a pronoun if it can be unambiguously deduced as such from context.
Coordinate terms edit
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Interjection edit

este

  1. uh, well (space filler in a conversation)

Etymology 2 edit

 
Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Borrowed from French est, from Old English ēast, from Proto-Germanic *austrą (east), from Proto-Indo-European *aus- (eastern), therefore related to English east and Spanish Austria.

Noun edit

este m (uncountable)

  1. east
    Synonym: oriente
    Antonyms: oeste, occidente
Coordinate terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Tagalog edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: es‧te
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔeste/, [ˈʔɛs.tɛ]

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Spanish este (uh; um, interjection/filler).

Particle edit

este (Baybayin spelling ᜁᜐ᜔ᜆᜒ)

  1. I mean
    Pupunta ako sa panaderya, este, restawran.
    I am going to the bakery, I mean, the restaurant.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Spanish este (east).

Noun edit

este (Baybayin spelling ᜁᜐ᜔ᜆᜒ)

  1. (uncommon) east (compass point)
    Synonyms: silangan, oryente
    • 1985, Francisco Soc Rodrigo, Mga tula at tilamsik ng diwa:
      At, sa angkan naman ng ating First Lady, si Kokoy, na siyang governor ng Leyte, Ay embahador pa sa lahat ng parte - Sa este't oeste, sa sur at sa norte!
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
Coordinate terms edit
hilagang kanluran
norweste
hilaga
norte
hilagang silangan
nordeste
oksidente
kanluran
oeste
  oryente
silangan
este
salatan
timog-kanluran
sur
timog
timog-silangan
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • este”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Vietnamese edit

 
Vietnamese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia vi
 
Công thức cấu tạo tổng quát của este.

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French ester.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

este

  1. (organic chemistry) an ester

Zazaki edit

Etymology edit

Related to Sanskrit अस्थि (asthi) (asthi)

Noun edit

este

  1. bone