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DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch dringen, from Old Dutch *thringan, from Proto-Germanic *þrinhwaną.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdrɪŋə(n)/
  • (file)

VerbEdit

dringen

  1. (intransitive) to press, push (into a tight space, a crowd etc)
  2. (intransitive) to insist
  3. (intransitive) to force entry
  4. (intransitive) to be short in supply (of time, etc)
    de tijd dringt
    time is short

InflectionEdit

Inflection of dringen (strong class 3)
infinitive dringen
past singular drong
past participle gedrongen
infinitive dringen
gerund dringen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular dring drong
2nd person sing. (jij) dringt drong
2nd person sing. (u) dringt drong
2nd person sing. (gij) dringt drongt
3rd person singular dringt drong
plural dringen drongen
subjunctive sing.1 dringe dronge
subjunctive plur.1 dringen drongen
imperative sing. dring
imperative plur.1 dringt
participles dringend gedrongen
1) Archaic.

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German dringan, from Proto-Germanic *þrinhwaną. Cognate with English thring.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

dringen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present dringt, past tense drang, past participle gedrungen, past subjunctive dränge, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (intransitive, auxiliary: “haben”) to insist; to press
    auf etwas dringen — “to press for something” or “to insist on something”
  2. (intransitive, auxiliary: “sein”) to ooze; to seep
    in etwas dringen — “to seep into something”
  3. (intransitive, auxiliary: “sein”) to force one’s way
    durch etwas dringen — “to penetrate something” (literally, “to force one’s way into something”)

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Low GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon thringan, from Proto-Germanic *þrinhwaną. Cognate with English thring.

VerbEdit

dringen (third-person singular simple present dringt, past tense drung, past participle drungen, auxiliary verb wesen or hebben)

  1. (intransitive, auxiliary hebben) to insist; to press
    op wat dringento press for something, insist on something
  2. (intransitive, auxiliary: wesen) to ooze; to seep
    in wat dringento seep into something
  3. (intransitive, auxiliary: wesen) to force one’s way
    dörch wat dringento penetrate something (literally, “to force one’s way into something”)

ConjugationEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *thringan, from Proto-Germanic *þrinhwaną.

VerbEdit

dringen

  1. to press, to push
  2. to force one's way
  3. to pressure, to bother
  4. to extort

InflectionEdit

Strong class 3
Infinitive dringen
3rd sg. past dranc
3rd pl. past drongen
Past participle gedrongen
Infinitive dringen
In genitive dringens
In dative dringene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular dringe dranc
2nd singular drincs, dringes droncs, dronges
3rd singular drinct, dringet dranc
1st plural dringen drongen
2nd plural drinct, dringet dronct, dronget
3rd plural dringen drongen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular dringe dronge
2nd singular drincs, dringes dronges
3rd singular dringe dronge
1st plural dringen drongen
2nd plural drinct, dringet dronget
3rd plural dringen drongen
Imperative Present
Singular drinc, dringe
Plural drinct, dringet
Present Past
Participle dringende gedrongen

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • dringhen”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • dringen (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929