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Wiktionary β

JapaneseEdit

VerbEdit

れる (rōmaji reru)

  1. In grammar, used for making a passive voice, the expression with respect, voluntary, or ability, following the imperfective form of a verb.
    (passive) 相手 (あいて) (せん) (しゅ) ()たら () (かえ)
    Aite no senshu ni osaretara, oshikaese!
    If you are pushed by opponent players, push them in return!
    (respectful)  (わたし)たち (せん) (せい) () (ふん) (ぐらい) (もど)れる (おも)ます
    Watashitachi no sensei wa, go fun gurai de modorareru to omoimasu.
    Our teacher thinks it will be back in about five minutes.
     (てん) (のう) (へい) () (こう) (きょ) (もど)なられる
    tennōheika ga Kōkyo ni o modori ni narareru.
    The Emperor would be back to The Imperial Palace.

Usage notesEdit

  • Attaches to the 未然形 (mizenkei, imperfective form) of a verb. The result conjugates like an ichidan verb.
  • れる (reru) only applies to godan verbs as well as the (sa) imperfective form of the irregular verb する (suru). られる (rareru) is used in other cases.
れる (reru) られる (rareru)
godan verbs  () (yobu) ()れる (yobareru) ichidan verbs  ()べる (taberu) ()られる (taberareru)
irregular する (suru)れる (sareru) irregular verbs  () (kuru) ()られる (korareru)
  • When れる (reru) expresses ability, it only applies to godan verbs and the -ar- in the result is contracted, e.g.,  () (yomu) () (yoma) + れる (reru) ()める (yomeru). れる (reru) expressing ability does not apply to the irregular verb する (suru), whose potential form is another verb, できる (dekiru).