See also: , ح‎, ج‎, خ, and Շ
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai DE.svg
U+3067, で
HIRAGANA LETTER DE
Composition: [U+3066] + ◌゙ [U+3099]

[U+3066]
Hiragana
[U+3068]

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

The hiragana character (te) with a dakuten ().

SyllableEdit

(romaji de)

  1. The hiragana syllable (de). Its equivalent in katakana is (de).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Originally a contraction of にて (nite), later treated as a conjugation of the copula (da).

Alternative formsEdit

  • (informal, playful) de

ParticleEdit

(de

  1. at: indicating a location at which something happens
    ここ(やす)たい。
    Koko de yasumitai.
    I want to rest here (at this location).
  2. with, by, using: indicating the means by or with which something happens
    (ふで)ペン()
    fudepen de kaku
    to write with a brush pen
    ()(てん)(しゃ)()きましょう。
    Jitensha de ikimashō.
    Let's go by bicycle.
SynonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

(de

  1. (informal) indicating the following sentence is a consequence of something previously stated: and then; therefore
    De?
    So what?
    どうする
    De? Dō suru?
    Well? What will you do?
    オリンピックやめませんか?
    de, Orinpikku yamemasen ka?
    Then, should we just give up the Olympic Games?

VerbEdit

(de

  1. is/am/are ... and: the て-form or conjunctive form of (da)
    これ(ほん)とても(おも)(しろ)です。
    Kore wa hon de, totemo omoshiroi desu.
    This is a book, and it is very interesting.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Considered to be a contraction of (nite) (where the ni is the continuative form of the negative auxiliary) or (zute). In use since Early Middle Japanese.[1]

SuffixEdit

(-de

  1. (Classical Japanese) Attaches to the 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis or incomplete form) of verbs to form the negative conjunctive, equivalent to the modern ないで (-naide) or ずに (-zuni).

Etymology 4Edit

Corrupted from (ze, sentence-ending particle signifying emphasis).

ParticleEdit

(de

  1. (dialectal, chiefly Kansai) sentence-ending particle signifying emphasis
    そないな(こと)したらあかん
    Sonai na koto shitara akan de.
    You shouldn't do like that.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN