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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai BA.png
U+3070, ば
HIRAGANA LETTER BA
Composition: [U+306F] + ◌゙ [U+3099]

[U+306F]
Hiragana
[U+3071]

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

Etymology 1Edit

The hiragana character (ha) with a dakuten ().

PronunciationEdit

SyllableEdit

(romaji ba)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ba). Its equivalent in katakana is (ba).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ba̠]
  • In Tokyo dialect, the pitch accent of the verb construction depends on the verb or adjective it attaches to:[1]
    • When attached to an accented verb, the accent is unmodified: [tsùkúꜜrù]れば [tsùkúꜜrèbà].
    • When attached to an unaccented verb, an accent is added on the mora before ba: そぶ [àsóbú]そべ [àsóbéꜜbà].

ParticleEdit

(rōmaji -ba)

  1. In Modern Japanese, attaches to the kateikei, and in Classical Japanese, attaches to the mizenkei, to express the hypothetical condition: if
     (あめ) ()遠足 (えんそく)中止 (ちゅうし)する。
    Ame ga fureba ensoku o chūshi suru.
    If it rains, we will suspend our trip.
     (いそ) (まわ)isogaba mawareIf you rush, you'll go round → more haste, less speed
  2. In Modern Japanese, attaches to the kateikei, and in Classical Japanese, attaches to the izenkei, to express the precondition for something to happen: if; when
     (あめ) () (みち) ()れる。
    Ame ga fureba michi ga nureru.
    The road gets wet when it rains.
    • c. late 9th–mid-10th century, Taketori Monogatari
      それを ()三寸 (さんすん)ばかりなる (ひと)いと (うつく)しうて ()たり。
      Sore o mireba, sansun bakari naru hito ito utsukushūte itari.
      When he looked at it, there sat a very lovely human being about three sun long.
    • 2007, yura (lyrics), 神前暁 (music), “キラメキラリ”, in THE IDOLM@STER MASTER ARTIST 02 高槻やよい:
      宇宙 (うちゅう)から ()地球 (ちきゅう) (なが) (ぼし)
      uchū kara mireba chikyū mo nagareboshi
      If you see from the universe the earth is also a shooting star
  3. In the form …ば…ほど (… ba … hodo): the more …, the more
     (まな) (まな)ぶほど、 (なに) ()らなかった (こと) ()づく
    Manabeba manabu hodo, nani mo shiranakatta koto ni kizuku
    The more I learned, the more I felt I didn't know anything.
  4. In the form …ば… (… mo … ba … mo), links items in parallel:and
     () (ほん) ()もできれ (えい) ()もできる
    nihongo mo dekireba eigo mo dekiru
    to be able to speak both Japanese and English
  5. (archaic) In the form mizenkei + (ba) + meireikei on the same verb: it doesn't matter if …; may as well
     () ()shinaba shineI might as well die.
  6. (archaic) In Modern Japanese, attaches to the kateikei, and in Classical Japanese, attaches to the izenkei, to express the reason or cause: because; as
     (あめ) () (うん) (どう) (かい) (ちゅう) ()せり。
    Ame fureba undōkai wa chūshi seri.
    The sports meeting is suspended due to rain.
    • 1904, 芳賀矢一, 中等教科明治文典:
       (だい) (ろく) (かつ) (よう) (けい)の「 ()ね」は (めい) (れい)をいふときに (もち)ゐる (かたち)なれ (めい) (れい) (けい)といふ。
      Dairoku katsuyōkei no “shine” wa meirei o iu toki ni mochiiru katachi nareba meireikei to iu.
      The sixth conjugated form shine is the form used when expressing a command, so it's called the imperative form.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
ば【場】
[noun]a place
[noun](physics) a field
[counter]sections of a play
(This term, , is a hiragana spelling of .)

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
2
S
S
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi , not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading ば.

ReferencesEdit