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See also:
U+5708, 圈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5708

[U+5707]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5709]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 31, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田火手山 (WFQU), four-corner 60712, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 219, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4789
  • Dae Jaweon: page 446, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 721, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5708

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰruls, *ɡron
*ɡron, *kronʔ, *krons, *ɡonʔ
*kronʔ
*kronʔ, *krons, *ɡron
*kronʔ
*krons
*kʰron, *krons
*krons, *ɡron
*kʰron
*kʰron, *ɡron
*kʰron, *ɡronʔ, *kʰon, *ɡlonʔ, *ɡlons
*ɡron
*ɡron
*ɡron
*ɡronʔ, *ɡrunʔ
*ɡrons
*ɡrons
*kʰonʔ, *kʰons
*kʰonʔ, *qon

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰron, *ɡronʔ, *kʰon, *ɡlonʔ, *ɡlons): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡron, *kronʔ, *krons, *ɡonʔ).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (30) (30) (30)
Final () (66) (80) (66)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Closed
Division () III Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡʉɐnX/ /ɡˠiuᴇnX/ /ɡʉɐnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡʷiɐnX/ /ɡʷᵚiɛnX/ /ɡʷiɐnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiuɐnX/ /ɡiuænX/ /ɡiuɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guanX/ /gwianX/ /guanH/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuɐnX/ /ɡjuɛnX/ /ɡiuɐnH/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭwɐnX/ /ɡĭwɛnX/ /ɡĭwɐnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯wɐnX/ /gi̯wɛnX/ /gi̯wɐnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
juàn juàn juàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
juàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjwenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)o[n]ʔ/
English enclosure for pigs

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/5 4/5 5/5
No. 7197 7205 7207
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
𧯦
Old
Chinese
/*ɡronʔ/ /*ɡlonʔ/ /*ɡlons/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. pen; sty; fold
  2. state; city
  3. (neologism, Internet slang, derogatory by comparison to sense 1) Alternative form of (quān, “social circle; community”).
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • khoan - literary;
  • khng/khong - vernacular;
  • khoân - vernacular (俗);
  • khian - 牽 is used in the Mainland.
Note:
  • kuang1 - Shantou;
  • kuêng1 - Chaozhou;
  • kou1 - original characer is .
  • Wu

  • Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/5
    No. 7189
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰron/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to enclose; to encircle; to circle
    2. to mark with a circle
    3. to bend; to angle; to curve
    4. circle; ring; loop
    5. area; circle
    6. social circle; connections; group
    7. trap; trick; trickery
    8. Classifier for laps of a race, loops, orbits, etc.

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to shut in a pen; to pen in
    2. to lock up; to jail
    3. to confine

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. range
    2. orbit
    3. sphere

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): けん (ken)
    • Kun: かこい (kakoi)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gwon) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (khuyên, khoen, quyên, quyền)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.