U+7262, 牢
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7262

[U+7261]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7263]
U+F946, 牢
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F946

[U+F945]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F947]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 93, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十竹手 (JHQ), four-corner 30502, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 698, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14031
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1110, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1802, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7262

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (pen; animal yard) + (cow)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lâu - vernacular;
  • tiâu/láu - vernacular (俗);
  • lô/lô͘ - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /lɑu³⁵/
    Harbin /lau²⁴/
    Tianjin /lɑu⁴⁵/
    Jinan /lɔ⁴²/
    Qingdao /lɔ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /lau⁴²/
    Xi'an /lau²⁴/
    Xining /lɔ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /lɔ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /lɔ⁵³/
    Ürümqi /lɔ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /nau²¹³/
    Chengdu /nau³¹/
    Guiyang /nao²¹/
    Kunming /lɔ³¹/
    Nanjing /lɔo²⁴/
    Hefei /lɔ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /lau¹¹/
    Pingyao /lɔ¹³/
    Hohhot /lɔ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /lɔ²³/
    Suzhou /læ¹³/
    Hangzhou /lɔ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /lɜ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /lɔ⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /lə⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /lau¹³/
    Xiangtan /naɯ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /lɑu⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /lau¹¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lou²¹/
    Nanning /lu²¹/
    Hong Kong /lou²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lau³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lo⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lau³³/
    /lau²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lo⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lau³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɑu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɑu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɑu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /law/
    Li
    Rong
    /lɑu/
    Wang
    Li
    /lɑu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lɑu/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    láo
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    lou4
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7644
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ruː/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. prison; jail
    2. pen; enclosure
    3. firm; fast; durable
      •   ―  láo  ―  firm; durable
    4. dependable; reliable
    5. animal used for sacrificing
    6. with grievance and toil

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Manchu: ᠯᠣᠣ (loo)
    • Zhuang: lauz

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. prison
    2. stable, pen
    3. secure

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    ろう
    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (ろう) (らう (rau)?

    1. prison
      Synonyms: 監獄 (かんごく), 牢屋 (ろうや)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (roe, noe, ro, no) (hangeul , , , , revised roe, noe, ro, no, McCune–Reischauer roe, noe, ro, no, Yale loy, noy, lo, no)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana るー, romaji )

    CompoundsEdit

    • 牢屋 (るーや, rūya, prison)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana るー, romaji )

    1. prison
      Synonyms: 監獄 (かんぐく, kanguku), 牢屋 (るーや, rūya)

    ReferencesEdit

    • 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawago Jiten, “Okinawan Dictionary”)[1], 1963

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: lao, lào, sao, sau

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.