See also: and
gw u665a.svg
U+665A, 晚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-665A

[U+6659]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+665B]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note that in Japanese shinjitai, the bottom left handed stroke of is written as two separate components (𫩏+儿). This is encoded as a separate character (U+6669).

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 日弓日山 (ANAU), four-corner 67016, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 495, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13940
  • Dae Jaweon: page 861, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1514, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+665A
  • Standard Form by Ministry of Education of the Republic of China

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *monʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *mronʔ).

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • uāng - literary;
  • muōng - vernacular.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • boán - literary;
    • mńg/múi - vernacular;
    • oán - colloquial variant.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /uan²¹⁴/
    Harbin /uan²¹³/
    Tianjin /van¹³/
    Jinan /vã⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /vã⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /uan⁵³/
    Xi'an /vã⁵³/
    Xining /uã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /van⁵³/
    Lanzhou /vɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /van⁵¹/
    Wuhan /uan⁴²/
    Chengdu /uan⁵³/
    Guiyang /uan⁴²/
    Kunming /uã̠⁵³/
    Nanjing /uaŋ²¹²/
    Hefei /uæ̃²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /væ̃⁵³/
    Pingyao /uɑŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /væ̃⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ue⁵³/
    Suzhou /ue̞⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /fẽ̞⁵³/
    Wenzhou /va³⁵/
    /ma³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /uɛ³⁵/
    /mɛ³⁵/
    Tunxi /muːə²⁴/
    /uːə²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /uan⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /uan⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /uan²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /van³¹/
    Taoyuan /vɑn³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /man²³/
    Nanning /man²⁴/
    Hong Kong /man¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /buan⁵³/
    /mŋ̍⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uaŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uaiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /muŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /uaŋ²¹³/
    /am³⁵/ 訓暗

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mʉɐnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mʷiɐnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuɐnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuɐnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭwɐnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯wɐnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wǎn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    maan5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjonX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m[o][r]ʔ/
    English late

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9080
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*monʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. evening
        ―  wǎnshang  ―  evening
    2. night
    3. late (in time)
      昨天晚上睡覺 [MSC, trad.]
      昨天晚上睡觉 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ zuótiān wǎnshang tài wǎn shuìjiào le. [Pinyin]
      I slept too late last night.
    4. succeeding
    5. old age
    6. Classifier for the number of nights.

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. evening
    2. night
    3. late

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): ばん (ban)
    • Kun: くれ (kure, 晚れ); おそい (osoi, 晚い)

    Usage notesEdit

    This character is the kyūjitai form of (U+6669) with one stroke reduction.


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC mʉɐnX).

    Historical readings

    PronunciationEdit

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ma̠(ː)n]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 늦을 (neujeul man))

    1. Hanja form? of (evening; night).
    2. (only used in compounds) Hanja form? of (late).

    Usage notesEdit

    Note that the educational form of this hanja in South Korea is   (U+665A) which has overlapped by 丿 as its middle right component and not   (U+6669), which consists of 𫩏 and as its bottom right component.

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: vãn, muộn

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.