See also:
U+9EE8, 黨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EE8

[U+9EE7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EE9]

Translingual edit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 203, +8, 20 strokes, cangjie input 火月口田火 (FBRWF), four-corner 90331, composition 𫩠)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1520, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48132
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2055, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4750, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9EE8

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *taːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋʔ): phonetic (OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) + semantic (black) – black; dark.

Etymology 1 edit

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)

The endoactive of (OC *taːŋ, “to be equal of”), literally "that which is equal in rank" (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter tangX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/taŋX/
Li
Rong
/tɑŋX/
Wang
Li
/tɑŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǎng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dong2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁaŋʔ/
English 500 families; relatives

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 11113
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːŋʔ/

Definitions edit

  1. community; fellow community member
      ―  xiāngdǎng  ―  neighbours; local community
  2. gang; faction
      ―  jiédǎng  ―  to form a faction
  3. (politics) party
      ―  zhèngdǎng  ―  political party
    自由自由  ―  Zìyóudǎng  ―  Liberal Party
    1. (for one-party states, in press releases or official media) the ruling party
      1. (chiefly Mainland China, specifically) the Communist Party of China
        十八十八  ―  Dǎng de Shíbā Dà  ―  The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China
        [Cantonese]  ―  dong2 tit3 [Jyutping]  ―  The "Commie" MTR
      2. (Vietnam, specifically) Communist Party of Vietnam
      3. (Wa State, specifically) United Wa State Party
  4. (used as suffix in Internet slang) a limited group or class of people, or a member of it
    標題标题  ―  biāotídǎng  ―  a person who writes articles or news using off-topic or misleading headlines; these kinds of people
  5. a surname

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (とう) ()
  • Korean: 당(黨) (dang)
  • Vietnamese: đảng ()

Others:

Etymology 2 edit

trad.
simp. *

Identified as an ancient Chu dialect word in Han Dynasty scholar Yang Xiong's Fangyan.

STEDT compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m/s-twaŋ (to see; to show), whence Tibetan མཐོང (mthong, to see; to perceive).

Alternatively, it may be of Austroasiatic origin. Compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *tiɲ ~ *təɲ (to know), whence Khmer ដឹង (dəng), Eastern Bru ດັງ (dáng) (Behr, 2008; Ye, 2014).

Perhaps related to (dǒng, “to understand”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. (ancient Chu dialect) to know

Etymology 3 edit

trad.
simp. *

Pronunciation edit



Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 11132
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰaːŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. Alternative form of

References edit

Japanese edit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. (political) party

Readings edit

Noun edit

(とう) (

  1. Kyūjitai form of : political party

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 무리 (muri dang))

  1. Hanja form? of (political party).

Compounds edit

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: đảng, đoảng

Noun edit

  1. chữ Hán form of đảng (party).