(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names, kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form 桧)
- hinoki, Japanese cypress
Compound of 檜 (hi, “Japanese cypress”, see below) + の (no, attributive particle) + 木 (ki, “tree”). Appears in texts starting from the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.
The wood and bark was commonly used as tinder, and the term was previously thought to be from 火 (hi, “fire”) + の (no, attributive particle) + 木 (ki, “tree”). However, later research into ancient kana usage in Old Japanese revealed that 檜 had a reading of ⟨hi1⟩, while 火 was read as ⟨hi2⟩, ruling out this derivation.
檜 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 桧, hiragana ひのき, katakana ヒノキ, rōmaji hinoki)
- the Japanese cypress, Chamaecyparis obtusa
As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ヒノキ.
檜 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 桧, hiragana ひのき, rōmaji Hinoki)
- a female given name
- a surname
⟨pi1⟩ → */pʲi/ → /fi/ → /hi/
From Old Japanese. Appears in the Kojiki of 712 CE.
檜 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 桧, hiragana ひ, rōmaji hi)
- (archaic, found primarily in compounds) the Japanese cypress, Chamaecyparis obtusa
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1988, 国語大辞典（新装版） (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
- ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN