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U+72AF, 犯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72AF

[U+72AE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72B0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 94, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 大竹尸山 (KHSU), four-corner 47212, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 706, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20238
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1118, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1331, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+72AF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰoms, *bom
*bomʔ
*bomʔ
*bomʔ
*bomʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bomʔ): semantic  + phonetic 𢎘.

EtymologyEdit

"To pass over" > "to offend against, oppose". Compare .

This character originally had bilabial nasal (*-m) final in Old and Middle Chinese, but had undergone dissimilation (from bilabial plosive *b-) to become *-n in most dialects, except for Hakka. Similar dissimilation happened in .

PronunciationEdit


Note: faan6-2 - noun only.
Note:
  • huang6 - Shantou;
  • huam6 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (146)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bɨɐmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biɐmX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biɐmX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buamX/
    Li
    Rong
    /biɐmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwɐmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯wɐmX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fàn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2980
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bomʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to commit (crime), to violate
        ―  fànzuì  ―  to commit crime
    2. criminal
        ―  zuìfàn  ―  criminal
      走甩 [Cantonese, trad.]
      走甩 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Bei2 go3 faan6-2 zau2 lat1 zo2 aa3! [Jyutping]
      The criminal ran loose!

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. crime, offense
    2. criminal, culprit, offender
    3. disciplined monk committing such offense

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    はん
    Grade: 5
    kan’on

    /pɨɐm//pamʉ//famʉ//haɴ/

    From Middle Chinese, (MC bɨɐmX).

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana はん, rōmaji -han)

    1. perpetrators of a crime
    2. some types of crime

    Derived termsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (beom) (hangeul , revised beom, McCune–Reischauer pŏm, Yale pem)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (phạm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.