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U+72AF, 犯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72AF

[U+72AE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72B0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 94 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 大竹尸山 (KHSU), four-corner 47212, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 706, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20238
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1118, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1331, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+72AF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰoms, *bom
*bomʔ
*bomʔ
*bomʔ
*bomʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bomʔ): semantic  + phonetic 𢎘.

EtymologyEdit

"To pass over" > "to offend against, oppose". Compare .

This character originally had bilabial nasal (*-m) final in Old and Middle Chinese, but had undergone dissimilation (from bilabial plosive *b-) to become *-n in most dialects, except for Hakka. Similar dissimilation happened in .

PronunciationEdit


Note: faan6-2 - noun only.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (146)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨɐmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɐmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/biɐmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buamX/
Li
Rong
/biɐmX/
Wang
Li
/bĭwɐmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯wɐmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2980
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bomʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to commit (crime), to violate
      ―  fànzuì  ―  to commit crime
  2. criminal
      ―  zuìfàn  ―  criminal
    Bei2 go3 faan6-2 zau2 lat1 zo2 aa3! [Jyutping]
    The criminal ran loose!

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(beom) (hangeul , revised beom, McCune-Reischauer pŏm, Yale pem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phạm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.