Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 94 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 大竹尸山 (KHSU), four-corner 47212, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 706, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20238
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1118, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1331, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+72AF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

"To pass over" > "to offend against, oppose". Compare .

This character originally had bilabial nasal (*-m) final in Old and Middle Chinese, but had undergone dissimilation (from bilabial plosive *b-) to become *-n in most dialects, except for Hakka. Similar dissimilation happened in .

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨɐmX/ /bʱi̯wɐmX/ /biɐmX/ /biɐmX/ /buamX/ /bĭwɐmX/ /biɐmX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2980 3 /*bomʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to commit (crime), to violate
      ―  fànzuì  ―  to commit crime
  2. criminal
      ―  zuìfàn  ―  criminal
    走甩 / 走甩 [Cantonese]  ―  Bei2 go3 faan6-2 zau2 lat1 zo2 aa3! [Jyutping]  ―  The criminal ran loose!

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(beom) (hangeul , revised beom, McCune-Reischauer pŏm, Yale pem)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phạm)

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