See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(pencil) +  ‎(field)

Han characterEdit

(radical 102 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中土田一 (LGWM), four-corner 50106)

  1. painting, picture, drawing
  2. draw, delineate

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 763, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21859
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1172, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2544, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+756B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xua⁵¹/
Harbin /xua²⁴/ 筆~兒
/xua⁵³/ 年~兒
Tianjin /xuɑ⁵³/
Jinan /xua²¹/
Qingdao /xua⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xua³¹²/
Xi'an /xua⁴⁴/
Xining /xua²¹³/
Yinchuan /xua¹³/
Lanzhou /xua¹³/
Ürümqi /xua²¹³/
Wuhan /xua³⁵/
Chengdu /xua¹³/
Guiyang /xua²¹³/
Kunming /xua̠²¹²/
Nanjing /xuɑ⁴⁴/
Hefei /xua⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /xua⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xuɑ³⁵/
Hohhot /xua⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦo¹³/
/ɦua¹³/
Suzhou /ɦo³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦuɑ¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦo²²/
Hui Shexian /xua²²/
/ua²²/
Tunxi /xuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fa⁵⁵/
/fa¹¹/
Xiangtan /ɦuɒ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /fɑ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /fa⁵³/
Taoyuan /fɑ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wa²²/
/wa³⁵/
Nanning /wa³³/
Hong Kong /wa²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hua²²/
/ue²²/
/ui²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uɑ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ua⁴²/
/xua⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ue³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ue²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuɛH/ /ɣwaiH/ /ɣuɛH/ /ɦʷɯæH/ /ɦwaɨjH/ /ɣwaiH/ /ɣuæiH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦwɣɛk̚/ /ɣwæk̚/ /ɣuɛk̚/ /ɦʷɯæk̚/ /ɦwəɨjk̚/ /ɣwæk̚/ /ɣuɐk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huà ‹ hwɛH › /*C-ɡʷˤrek-s/ drawing (n.)
huà ‹ hwɛk › /*ɡʷˤrek/ draw (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5330 0 /*ɡʷreːɡs/
5335 0 /*ɡʷreːɡ/

VerbEdit

  1. to write, to draw, to paint

NounEdit

  1. paint, picture

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hwa, hoek) (hangeul , , revised hwa, hoek, McCune-Reischauer hwa, hoek, Yale hwa, hoyk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(họa, hoạ, hoạch, vạch, vệt, dạch, vệch)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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